20th January 1913 (Monday)

BORN TODAY, in Raymond, Alberta – Cleon Skousen,  author of “The Naked Communist” (1958) which claimed that the Soviet union was planning to take over the world. By 1960 it was recommended reading for all members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons).

Natural disaster: The Colima volcano in Mexico erupts. Between 11:30am and 1:00 pm there is a continuous and explosive eruption that knocks 100 meters (300 feet) off the top of the mountain. Ash falls at Saltillo 725 km NNE of the volcano.

First Balkan War: Bulgaria, Serbia and Montenegro present an ultimatum to the Ottomans, giving them 14 days to make a favorable reply to their demands or face a resumption of the war.

Society and culture. Following the normal practice of the time, the archaeological finds from the 1911-1914 excavations on behalf of the German Orient Society are split in equal shares between the (German) sponsors and the (Egyptian) hosts. As a result the famous colored Nefertiti bust discovered two weeks ago is awarded to Berlin, where it remains to this day, in the Staatliche Museen.

In Mexico, José Guadalupe Posada, the graphic artist who illustrated and interpreted the early years of the Mexican Revolution from 1910, died, aged 61.

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