26th January 1913 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY, in Rome, Italy – Mario Riva – The popular Italian film actor and TV personality who died in Verona in 1960 after falling from a stage.

Also Adolf Vodicka, from Czechoslovakia, one of the few surviving combatants of the Spanish Civil War, where he fought as part of the International Brigade.

First Balkan War: Ottoman and Bulgarian forces meet at the Battle of Bulair as the Turks make an attempt to relieve Adrionople (Edirne). In the resulting Bulgarian victory around 50% of the Turkish forces are killed.

Society and Culture: John Paul Jones, a US Naval Hero (or rebel “privateer” and terrorist, depending on your point of view) who died in 1792 in Paris, alone and forgotten, and who has spent much of the intervening period buried beneath a laundry in a Paris suburb, finds his final resting place – a marble sarcophagus (modelled on the tomb of Napoleon) in the US Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, USA.

Colonial unrest: the USS Rainbow shifts her location from Olongapo to Cavite and remains in the Phillippines until 28 March 1913. The US is in the final stages of a 14 year war against insurgents in the Phillippines, which hostilities will end in June this year at the Battle of Bud Bagsak.

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