BORN TODAY in Rastatt, Germany – Franz Gotz, German WW2 Luftwaffe fighter ace, who was awarded the Iron Cross for extreme bravery in battle.
First Balkan War: The “Young Turks” vote against the surrender of Adrianople and the Aegean Islands, in accordance with the demands of the new leader, Enver Bey.
Empire: Letsie II Lerotholi, Paramount Chief of the British Crown Colony of Basutoland (now Lesotho), dies, and is succeeded in due course by Nathaniel Griffith Lerotholi.
Arms Race: “HMS E4” – a British E class submarine – is commissioned. She will be attacked by a German airship in 1915 and then sink with the loss of all of her crew after colliding with another (British) submarine in 1916. Raised, repaired and re-commissioned, she will be sold for scrap in 1922.
Society and Culture: The Parramatta High School is established in New South Wales.
Congratulations, Parramatta High School!