20th February 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY, in Adelaide, South Australia – Mary Durack, AC DBE, author and historian of Australian settler life. Her works include: Kings in Grass Castles; Sons in the Saddle; Swan River Saga – Life of Pioneer Eliza  Shaw; and “The Aborigines in Australian Literature”.

Also, Hilda Fest, a Norwegian lady who at the age of 98 was raped and murdered by 19 year old Christian  Haugland, on New Years day 2012.

Society and Culture: King O’Malley, the Australian Minister for Home Affairs, drives home the first surveying stake for what will soon become the City of Canberra, future capital of Australia.

World Affairs: After riots in Japan the government loses the first ever vote of no-confidence and the leader (Katsura) resigns, to be replaced by a former navy admiral. On the same day a massive fire in the city destroys around 1500 homes.

In Nepal, the young king, Tribhuhvan Bir Bikram Shah, not yet 7 years old, is crowned at the Nasal Chowk Hanumna  Dhoka Palace in Kathmandu. Apart from a a brief exile in the early nineteen-fifties he will reign in Nepal until his death in 1955.

 Arms Race – HMS Eagle is laid down at the Armstong shipyards in Newcastle, UK. Originally contacted for sale to Chile as a super dreadnought class battleship, she is bought by Britain in 1918 for conversion to an aircraft carrier, and will see action in the Battle of Malta before being sunk by German submarine U-73 with a loss of 131 “officers and men” in August 1942.

Science and Technology – the City of Salta, in North West Argentina, converts its 19 year old tram system from horse drawn to electric.

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