5th April 1913 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY, in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico after her parents have moved there to escape from the explosively violent eruption of the Colima volcano on 20th January – Griselda Alvarez, first female governor of a Mexican state (Colima – from 1979 to 1985, continuing the family business started by her great grandfather who became its first governor in 1857 and sustained by her father, also governor – from 1919 to 1923).

Science and technology: The physicist Niels Bohr completes a paper on the quantum theory of the hydrogen atom.

Arms Race: The US destroyer, USS Duncan is launched In Quincy Massachusetts.

Society and culture: In Sarnia, Canada, a black man and his white wife are apprehended by immigration officials on a train crossing the US/ Canadian and deported back to the USA.

The foundation stone is laid for the London Borough of Deptford Public Library (now the Lewisham Art House). The benefactor is Mr Andrew Carnegie who has recently (26th March) laid a similar foundation stone, in person, in Worcester Massachusetts.

Music & entertainment: The Tivoli Cinema opens in Rotherham, England.

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