16th April 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY,  at 2 Harris Cottages, Widford, Nr Chelmsford, Essex, UK – Hilda Rayner, daughter of Edgar (born 1887) and Emily. in 1915 her father enlisted with the British Army, serving at Chatham, Warminster, Pangbourne, Beganiivy and Pilay before embarking for Salonika, Greece in October 1916. Edgar went missing and was later presumed killed in action on 18th September 1918. The November 1918 edition of the Widford  Parish Magazine reported: “Death of Sapper E Rayner is reported as having occurred on Sept 17th. He leaves a widow and four young children who reside in the village”. Edgar has no known grave.

Also born today: Thurston Hopkins, Picture Post photo-journalist – “unsung hero of photography” [The Guardian]. HAPPY CENTENARY!


Arms Race – In Portsmouth, England, the fitting out of the Japanese Battleship “Kongo” (indestructible) is completed after her launch by the Vickers Shipbuilding Company in Barrow-In-Furness in May 1912. After serving in two world wars she will eventually be sunk by a US submarine in November 1944.

Society and Culture: Dr Albert Schweitzer arrives in Lambarene in Gabon, beginning his mission to Africa by combining evangelism with the founding of a hospital.

Shipping News: US Coastguard Harry McGinley is awarded the Gold Lifesaving Medal for acts of bravery on 30th December last year (1912) rescuing crew from the sea going tug “Margaret” off the coast of New Jersey.

History of Transport: In Monaco, the first award of the Schneider Trophy for seaplanes goes to a french aircraft manufactured by the Deperdussin company.


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