18th June 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: In Paris, at the first ever Arab Congress – Arab Nationalism – when representatives meet to discuss and search for reform within the Ottoman Empire.

It took place at a time of uncertainty and change in the Ottoman Empire in the years leading up to World War I. The Empire had undergone a revolution and a coup by the Young Turks in 1908. Arabs were agitating for more rights under the fading empire and early glimmers of  Arab nationalism were emerging. A number of dissent and reform-oriented groups formed in Greater Syria, Palestine, Constantinople and Egypt.  Zionist immigration to Palestine was increasing, and England and France were expressing interest in the region, competing for spheres of influence“. [Wikipedia – “Arab Congress of 1913”. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arab_Congress_of_1913    ].

Women’s suffrage: Members of the (UK) National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) set off on a six week “pilgrimage” around Britain to build (further) support for the Suffragette movement.

Society and culture: Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad founds the urdu islamic newspaper Al-Fazl, in Qadian, in the state of Punjab in India.

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