19th June 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: at Stanway, Gloucestershire, UK  – Ann Charteris, grand daughter of the 9th Earl of Wemyss. Wife sequentially to Shane Edward Robert  (“Third Baron”) O’Neill; Viscount Rothermere (owner of the Daily Mail) and Ian Fleming, stockbroker turned James Bond novelist, with whom she lived at his Jamaican retreat “Goldeneye”. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WNfleming.htm

World Affairs: In the aftermath of the Turco-Italian War (which closed with the Treaty of Lausanne in 1912) Italian forces overcome a large Sanussi (arab) force in Ettangi, Tripolitania (Libya).

Society and culture: The South African Parliament prohibits the ownership by black citizens of land designated for whites.

Labour Relations: In Birmingham, UK –  “The Rest House” to commemorate the Silver Wedding Anniversary of George and Elizabeth Cadbury is donated by employees of the company. The design is taken from the medieval butter market in Dunster, Somerset.

Inside, an inscription reads: ‘This Rest House was erected to commemorate the Silver Wedding of Mr & Mrs George Cadbury by the employees of Cadbury Brothers Ltd at Bournville and in all parts of the world. A lasting memorial of esteem and affection as an expression of gratitude for the unceasing interest in their welfare and in admiration of manifold services to the world at large.’  Today, the building houses the Carillon Visitor Centre and a gift shop and is used as the logo for Bournville Village Trust”.  http://www.culture24.org.uk/places%20to%20go/west%20midlands/birmingham/tra22960

A whiff of financial scandal: After an investigation into corruption involving the government ministers and the private communications company, Marconi, the British Parliament votes by a majority of 346-268 to acquit the Chancellor of the Exchequer (ie Minister of Finance) and the Attorney General on charges of malfeasance.

Transport accidents: Thirteen people die in a rail collision in California.

Off Sable Island, 300kilometres south east of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Captain John Andrew Doggett from Portland, Maine and five members of his crew, including one of his two sons on board, perish when their fishing boat is rammed in thick fog by a steam passenger liner en route from Liverpool. Eight crew members are rescued, including the Captain’s second son.

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