15th July 1913 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: in Smarhon’, or Smorgon, in Russia (now in Belarus) – Abraham Sutzkever, YIddish poet, Jewish partisan against the Germans in wartime Vilna (the Jewish Ghetto in Vilnius, now in Lithuania), rescued by the Soviets from the Lithuanian forest in 1944, witness at the Nuremburg trials  (February 1946) and immigrant to Mandate Palestine in 1947.

Arms and technology: Swiss citizen Franz Schneider is granted a patent for a synchronisation device that allows a machine gun to fire between an aircraft’s spinning propeller blades.

World Affairs: Britain’s House of Lords votes down the Irish Home Rule Bill, prompting the Prime Minister to announce his intentions to abolish the Upper House during the next parliament. In the real world his plans both for Ireland and the Peers of the Realm will soon be overtaken by world war 1.

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