29th July 1913 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: in Heningsdorf, Brandenburg, Germany – Erich Priebke, former SS officer and convicted war criminal extradited from Argentina in 1995 and still (2013) serving a life sentence under house arrest in Rome.

“Priebke turns 100 on Monday 29 July and is serving a life sentence, under house arrest, for his role in the 1944 Fosse Ardeatine massacre in Rome in which the Nazis killed 335 people, mostly Italians. Priebke lives near Piazza Irnerio in the city’s Balduina district where he receives numerous visitors and is a familiar figure on his daily walks in the neighbourhood, accompanied by his carer and a police escort”.


Empire: The British and Ottoman Empires sign the “Anglo-Ottoman convention” of 1913, intended to set out the arrangements for governing the Persian Gulf and the surrounding area. The convention is never ratified, and will become a source of dispute once Britain and Turkey are at war.

World Affairs: Meanwhile, in London at a conference of the six “Great Powers” there is agreement that an international commission (of the six great powers) will govern newly founded Albania for up to 10 years or until they choose a suitable monarch. Within a year the six will be at war with each other, their “greatness” fading into the nineteenth century history books.

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