9th September 1913 (Tuesday)


~ in Vancouver, Canada, 23 years to the day after Colonel (“KFC”) Sanders – Harry Snyder, early fast food pioneer who founded the In-N-Out Burger chain in 1948, originally in (you guessed it) Southern California.



~ in the Botshabelo mission station established by the German missionaries amongst the Pedi community in the Middelburg district of the Transvaal – Jan Gerard Sekoto, painter, musician, Parisian jazz performer and exhibitor, and eventually an official exile from the apartheid regime in South Africa.


Arms Race:  Twenty miles north of  Helgoland Island in the North Sea, Zeppelin LZ 14 (L-1) is brought down by a storm, drowning 14 of its 20 strong crew.


Society and Culture: In Chicago, Illinois, Carter Woodson and Jesse Moorland found the “Association for the Study of Negro Life and History”, which is now the Association for the Study of African American Life and History. Its modern vision is “to be the premier Black Heritage and learned society with a diverse and inclusive membership supported by a strong network of national and international branches to continue the Woodson legacy”, and its mission: “to promote, research, preserve, interpret, and disseminate information about Black life, history, and culture to the global community”.

Science and technology: The Haber-Bosch process, which has often been called “the most important invention of the 20th century” is first put into industrial production by the Badische Anilin- und Soda-Fabrik company (now BASF) the German Chemical company.



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