BORN TODAY: Professor Max Siurala, distinguished Finnish gastroenterologist.
Society and culture: In the Irish Times, Archbishop Walsh of Dubin condemns a scheme, already underway, for the wives of Dublin’s strikers to send their children to England to be cared for by labour sympathisers:
“I can only put it to [the mothers] that they can be no longer held worthy of the name of Catholic mothers if they so far forget that duty as to send away their children to be cared for in a strange land, without security of any kind that those to whom the poor children are to be handed over are Catholics, or, indeed, are persons of any faith at all”. [The Irish Times, 21st October 1913].
Crime and Punishment: James Berry, professional executioner, dies at his home in Bradford, England. After forsaking his career as an executioner he had become an evangelist preacher, campaigning against capital punishment.