BORN TODAY: in Poland – Waclaw Lapkowski, Polish Air Force pilot who joined the the British Royal Air Force 303 squadron on the day it was formed in August 1940. Shot down and seriously injured in September that year, returning to the squadron in January 1941. Wounded again in April 1941, before taking command of 303 squadron in June. In July 1941, while leading a Spitfire attack, he was shot down over the English Channel, aged 27. His body was washed ashore and he is buried in Lombardsidje Communal Cemetery, Belgium.
Human Rights – in South Africa, Mohandas Karamchand (“Mahatma”) Gandhi is arrested while leading a passive resistance march in protest at the treatment of Indian workers.