12th November 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: At a meeting of the Industrial Peace Committee in the rooms of a man of the Church at Trinity College Dublin – the Irish Citizen Army,  a workers defence force which will grow up to become a revolutionary socialist armed force.


Arms Race: In Glasgow, Scotland – the British Royal Navy launches the HMS Benbow, an “Iron Duke” class battleship.


Labour Relations: In  Wellington, New Zealand – George Adkin, farmer turned strike breaker, is having a bad day at the camp set up for the special constables:

“Howling storm al night + continued rain during morning.  Six of us … kept in camp for fatigue duties – cleaning up sleeping quarters, preparing vegetables for dinner etc.  By some mismanagement our party had to do the work for about 4 squadrons – we also did a lot of swearing gratis”. [George Adkins diary – Museum of New Zealand].



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