BORN TODAY: at the very end of the day – 1914, a year that will change the world in more ways than can ever be counted.
“The Centenary of Peace”
In London’s “Spectator” magazine, three days into the New Year 1914, a reader will write:
Now that we are about to celebrate the centenary of peace between the two great branches of the English speaking people, I hope we may all look forward to another year, 1915, wherein to celebrate another centenary of peace between ourselves and our once traditional enemies the French. I also often think it would be wiser to discontinue the celebration of ” Trafalgar ” or any other battle day, when all wise people now know peace is far more glorious than war.
but history marches on, one day at a time…
Births – Amagao Haruhisa and Shimazu Takahisa, Japanese Samurai and Warlords
Deaths – Donato Bramante, Italian Architect; Anne of Brittany, Queen of France with two different kings
War – France fights the Holy Roman Empire; the English fight the Scots; the largest warship in the World is launched at Woolwich, on the River Thames.
Births – Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands
Deaths – Elizabeth Bathory, Hungarian serial killer.
Marriage – Pocohontas marries English colonist John Rolfe in Virginia
War – Civil War in Japan; England and the Holy Roman Empire fights Spain and the (German) Catholic League.
Births – Percivall Pott, English surgeon; Carl Philip Emmanuel Bach, German composer
Deaths – Mamia III Gurieli, Prince of Guria; Ivan Botsis, Russian Admiral of Greek origin; Anthony Gunther, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst.
War – Austria fights France; Russia fights Sweden; Barcelona taken by the French; Ottomans fight Venetians.
Births – Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian poet; Michael Bakunin, Russian anarchist.
Deaths – Abdullah I Al-Sabah, ruler of Kuwait, Maria Carolina of Austria, queen of Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies.
Wars: Denmark gives up Norway to Sweden in exchange for parts of Pomerania; Britain fights the USA; Napoleon fights everyone; Paris is occupied by hostile Europeans (“the sixth coalition”); Napoleon is exiled to Elba; the British occupy Washington DC and burn the White House.
1914 – the year ahead, one hundred years ago today.