31st March 1914 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY:

~ In Wurttemburg, Germany – Ernst Häußler, Standartenführer of the Waffen-SS awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross for extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

~ in Wurzburg, Germany – Kurt Bodendörfer, Oberstleutnant in the Wehrmacht, awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross for extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_H%C3%A4u%C3%9Fler

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurt_Bodend%C3%B6rfer

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30th March 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY:

~ In Doncaster, England – Wing Commander Ernest Reginald Baker, DSO, DFC and Bar

~ place unknown – Pio Tomaselli, Italian biplane fighter ace.

~ at Pietermaritzburg, Natal, South Africa – Group Captain C.P. (“Paddy”) Green, DSO, DFC, South African Air Ace.

http://www.eregbaker.info/early_years.htm

http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/italy_tomaselli.htm

http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol017dt.html

 

29th March 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Ambala, Punjab, in the British Raj – Harry Chapman Pincher, journalist and historian whose bibliography runs from “Breeding Farm Animals” (Penguin, 1946) to “Treachery: Betrayals, Blunders, and Cover-ups: Six Decades of Espionage Against America and Great Britain” (Random House, 2009).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chapman_Pincher

Also, in Castlemain, Ontario, Canada – John Greer Boyle, Candian airman who joined the British Royal Airforce in 1937 and was shot down and killed over Kent during the Battle of Britain in 1940, aged 26.

http://www.bbm.org.uk/BoyleJG.htm

~ and in Galveston, Texas – Camille Howard, American R&B pianist and singer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camille_Howard

 

Accidents and disasters: At Upper Hutt, in the Wellington region of New Zealand, eight men die as a result of a mystery  explosion at the Benge & Pratt’s store.

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~sooty/upperhuttexplosion1914.html

28th March 1914 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: Belgian Radio!

http://www.opt.be/informations/events_bruxelles__exhibition__vu_a_la_radio__seen_on_the_radio____100_years_of_belgian_radio/en/E/63054.html

Arms Race: in the USA, the respected journal “Scientific American” runs an article with the headline: “The problem of our navy – the battleship strength necessary to guarantee peace”.

http://www.scientificamerican.com/magazine/sa/1914/03-28/

~ At the Kure Naval Yard in Japan, the Imperial Japanese Navy launches the battleship “Fuso”. After a very active life, many refits and modernizations and the rigours of World War 2 she will be torpedoed and sunk in The Battle of the Surigao Strait in October, 1944, with the loss of all but around 10 of her crew of 1630 souls.

http://www.combinedfleet.com/Fuso.htm

27th March 1914 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: In Litherland, Lancashire – Squadron Leader William Hubert Rigby ‘Nits’ Whitty DFC (Distinguished Flying Cross).

http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/commonwealth_whitley.htm

~Also, in Siam (Thailand) – The Siam Army Air Corps, later to be renamed the Royal Thai Air Force.

http://www.fotw.net/flags/th%5Eaf.html

Science and technology: In Belgium, Doctor Albert Hustin conducts the first successful non-direct blood transfusion, using a combination of (not so new) anti-coagulant technology (sodium citrate ) and refrigeration.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/first-successful-non-direct-blood-transfusion-carried-out

26th March, 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Saxon, South Carolina – William Childs (“Westy”) Westmoreland, four star general who commanded US military operations in Vietnam from 1964 to 1968.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Westmoreland

Shipwrecks: In Brisbane, Australia, the steamship St Paul, carrying chromium ore from New Caledonia which was ultimately bound for Europe, strikes Smith’s Rock and sinks within minutes with a loss of 18 lives, including the Captain’s.

http://australia.greatestdivesites.com/brisbane/moreton_island/st_paul_wreck

25th March 1914 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: Among the ashes of two Balkan Wars, In Salonica,  (until just before that time, in the Ottoman province of Macedonia, but just recently becoming Thessaloniki in newly expansionist Greece) – Aris Football Club, named after the God of War.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aris_F.C._(Thessaloniki)

~ Also, in Cresco. Iowa – Norman  Borlaug, “The Man Who Saved a Billion Lives”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Borlaug

http://biologie.univ-mrs.fr/upload/p210/Norman_E._Borlaug.pdf