30th April, 1914 (Thursday)


~ In Johannesburg, South Africa – Kitty Black, “The Queen  of British pirate radio”.



~ On England’s Isle of Wight – Sir Christopher George Rhodes, soldier, actor, Baronet.


~ In Sofia, Bulgaria – Sijka Petrova, soprano.


29th April 1914 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in the Dutch East Indies – Muntiacus montanus, the Sumatran Muntjac, now living in Indonesia.



28th April 1914 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: in Stoke, near Plymouth, in England’s west country – Mary (Molly) Isolen Fergusson OBE, a British engineer and the first female member of the UK’s Institution of Civil Engineers, elected in 1957, aged 43.


Accidents & disasters: At Eccles, in West Virginia, a methane explosion rips through Eccles No 5 mine, killing at least 180 men.


Women’s suffrage: In Felixstowe, on England’s east coast, the Bath Hotel burns down as a result of an arson attack by suffragettes Hilda Birkett and Florence Tunks, for which offence they will both receive prison sentences on 29th May.




27th April 1914 (Monday)


~ in Florence, South Carolina – USAF Lieutenant General Joseph Harold Moore, who led “Operation Rolling Thunder”, the three and a half year US mission to bomb North Vietnam into submission, thereby compelling Hanoi to end its aggression against South Vietnam.



~ (today? or possibly earlier?)  In Tunapuna, Trinidad – Winifred Atwell, boogie-woogie and ragtime pianist.


World Affairs: Sir Henry McMahon, working on behalf of his British masters at the Shimla  border-treaty conference in British India, finalises the border demarcation treat between india and Tibet, which to this day is known as the “McMahon Line”.


Railway accidents: in South Kortright, Delaware County, New York State, Mrs. Rebecca White, the proprietor of the South Kortright Inn, is killed when she steps in front of an Ulster and Delaware coal train at a local crossing.


Society and culture: New Zealand farmer and diarist, George Adkin, is busy with the mundane business of life: skinning dead sheep and making plans to furnish his new marriage home.


26th April 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Paris, France – Lilian Vera Rolfe, secret agent who died in the Ravensbruck concentration camp in Germany in February 1945, aged 30.


Global Finance: The London stock market is “demoralised” by events (the US Invasion) in Mexico.


25th April 1914 (Saturday)


~ At Colwyn Bay in North Wales – Sergeant 741779 John Stuart Jones, “Jonah” to his friends in the Guinea Pig Club.


~ On the Isle of Wight in Southern England – Sergeant 563427 C W Cooke, Royal Air Force, lost without trace in a Bristol Blenheim aircraft on 8 September 1940 aged 26.


Crime and punishment: In the town of Three Bridges in the South of England, Herbert Brooker stabs his 29 year old girlfriend, Ada Stone, and then cuts her throat, for which murder he will hang at nearby Lewes in three months from now.


Sport – At London’s Crystal Palace soccer ground, Burnley football team beat Liverpool 1-0 in front of a crowd of 80,000 spectators to win the Football Association (FA) Cup.



24th April 1914 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Łódź (Poland) – at the time one of the most densely populated industrial cities in the world –  Jan Kozielewski (later Jan Karski), pre-war Polish diplomat; captured by the Soviet Red Army and later handed over to the German forces; escapee and resistance fighter in Europe; rapporteur at large in Poland for the Allied authorities in the later stages of the World War 2; and later a  professor of history at Georgetown University in the USA.


Society, culture and migration: The “Register” (newspaper) in Adelaide, Victoria, publishes a piece by a traveller recently returned from England – “In Memory of Yemmerra-Wannie”, one of the earliest aboriginal migrants to England who passed away in Kent, “The Garden of England”, in May 1794, and whose neglected grave the traveller has visited during his visit to the home country.