BORN TODAY: in Copenhagen – Poul Hartling, Prime Minister of Denmark from 1973 to 1975 and UN High Commissioner for Refugees from 1978 to 1985.
The Western Front: In Alsace and Lorraine, the French forces attack the German left and center, the start of the “Battle of Frontiers” which will culminate in the premature death of roughly 200,000 men from each side. “On the Road East… the French [soldiers] pass a stone marker inscribed ‘Here in the year 362 Jovinus defeated the Teutonic Hordes’ ” [Barbara Tuchman: “The Guns of August”].
The Eastern Front: In Sokal, in the Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia (later in Poland, then annexed by Germany, then annexed by the Soviet Union and now in western Ukraine) – Russian forces cross the River Bug and defeat a part of the Austrian army, which retreats in the direction of Lemberg (now Lviv).
In the Mediterranean: The British (Hong Kong registered) cargo steamship SS Tatarrax is torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine while en route from Port Said to France.