BORN TODAY: in Transvaal, South Africa – The National Party (Transvaal), representing the interests of Afrikaners.
Eastern Front: In East Prussia, near a town called Allenstein, the Russian Second Army under General Samsonov – a force of around 230,000 – men engages with German Eighth Army (150,000). The Battle will last for five days and result in a crushing defeat for the Russians, with 92,000 taken prisoner and 78,000 killed or wounded. General Samsonov takes his own life, and the Germans decide to call the Battle “Tannenberg” (actually 30 miles away) to avenge a defeat of the Teutonic Knights at the hands of Lithuanian and Polish forces in the year 1410.
Western Front: At least 700 allied soldiers die as British and French forces fight a rearguard action at the Battle of Le Cateau, which buys them sufficient time to continue an orderly retreat ahead of the advancing Germans. The German loss of life is not recorded.
Africa: The German colony of Togoland surrenders to British and French forces.