30th November 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in Hounslow, Middlesex, England – George Frederick Joffre Hartree, better known as Charles Hawtrey – comedy actor whose career started aged 8 with “Tell your Children” (1922) and ended uproariously in a “Carry on Abroad” (1972).



29th November 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Kingston, Jamaica – Coleridge George Emerson Goode, British jazz bassist.




Western Front: Across the English Channel/ French La Manche, the SS Brighton (IV) carries King George V from Newhaven on England’s south coast to Dieppe in France for his first visit to troops at the front. As a souvenir of the occasion the ships’ captain is presented with a gold tie pin from the King.


28th November 1914 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: in Springhill, Nova Scotia – Arthur James Cochran Wilson, Canadian crystallographer.



Global finance: After a four month closure, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading, but not yet for buying and selling equities.


Society and culture: In response to recent complaints from cinema go-ers in London’s Holloway district, the local police station sends an undercover officer to observe behaviour at the “Rink” cinema in Finsbury Park. [“Khaki Fever Moral Panic: Female spectators and women police at the Finsbury Park Rink cinema, London, 1913-1919”, by Alex Rock].


27th November 1914 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Neu-Ulm, Bavaria – Gustav Knittel, many time decorated Nazi Party Sturmbannführer and convicted war criminal. [Wikipedia]



Society and culture: In Grantham in England, Mrs Edith Smith becomes Britain’s first ever police woman “called in by Lincolnshire’s Chief Constable to help deal with the upsurge in prostitution in the area because huge numbers of new army recruits were billeted there for training. Such was the seriousness of the problem that the Town Council and local Watch Committee were persuaded by the Chief Constable to allow her to be sworn in with full powers of arrest”.


26th November 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Ludvika, Sweden – Birgit Ridderstedt, immigrant to America and Swedish-American folk singer of the 1950s and 1960s.



Shipping Accidents: Off the coast of Sheerness, in England’s Thames estuary, an internal explosion destroys HMS Bulwark, claiming the lives of 738 men.


Society & Culture: In London’s Holloway district, a local resident visits the police station to file a complaint that “while watching a film at the “Rink” [cinema] a couple of nights before, he ‘saw several acts of indecency between males and females occupying seats near where he and his wife were sitting’ ” [“Khaki Fever Moral Panic: Female spectators and women police at the Finsbury Park Rink cinema, London, 1913-1919”, by Alex Rock]

24th November 1914 (Tuesday)


~ in Lushnjë, Albania – Fahredin Nuri, hydraulic engineer.


~ in London – Lynn Russell Chadwick, architect turned semi-abstract sculptor.



Ernest Shackleton’s antarctic expedition photographs the Head of Moraine Fjord, South Georgia, in a silver bromide print which will later be presented to Britain’s King George V,


23rd November 1914 (Monday)


~ in Los Angeles – Emmett Ashford “Baseball’s first black umpire”.


~ in the Bharatpur District of Rajastan in Western India –  Krishan Chander, the urdu fiction writer who wrote “Lahore [then in British India now in Pakistan] is a place where I was born”


~ in Palmerston North, New Zealand – Eric Orgias, RAF pilot who died in a night time crash while flying a Blenheim in June 1940, aged 25.



In the Middle East: An Anglo-Indian force, having yesterday found that the city of Basra in Turkish Mesopotamia (now Iraq) is now empty of Turkish forces, marches into the city “with colours flying and bands playing” [Roger Ford: “Eden to Armageddon – World War 1 in the Middle East”].


22nd November 1914 (Sunday)


~ in Hadlow, Kent, England – Roy Albert Crowson, evolutionary biologist who specialised in the taxonomy of beetles. “The beetle family Crowsoniellidae is named in his honour” [Wikipedia]


~ In Rangoon, Burma (now Yangon, Myannmar) – Group Captain Peter Wooldridge Townsend, “CVO, DSO, DFC and Bar”, World War 2 squadron leader, and later “Equerry” (personal attendant) to King George VI, King of the United Kingdom and Dominions of the British Commonwealth and the last Emperor of India (so far, at least) and later to Queen Elizabeth II, the constitutional monarch of 16 of the 53 commonwealth states and Supreme Governor of the Church of England.

“Captain Townsend is best known for his romance with Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, Imperial Order of the Crown of India, Royal Victorian Order, and Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem” [Wikipedia]


21st November 1914 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: in Hanoi, in French Indochina (now Vietnam) – Henri Laborit, neurosurgeon and award winning medical researcher. “He pioneered the use of dopamine antagonists to reduce shock in injured soldiers”. [Wikipedia]



Caring for the wounded:

~ In Brighton, on England’s south coast, the local mayor receives a visit from Colonel Sir Walter Lawrence with a request from King George V for the use of the famous Royal Pavilion (a relic of an earlier King George) as a military hospital for the wounded Indian soldiers arriving from France. Agreement is reached immediately, and planning begins for the late eighteenth century palace to be converted to receive and care for Hindu, Muslim and Sikh soldiers.


~ In Brisbane on Australia,’s east coast the 1st Australian General Hospital (1AGH) unit, formed in Queensland in August, embarks on the vessel Kyarra, bound -in two separate teams – for Cairo, Egypt, and for Rouen in France.