13th December 1914 (Sunday)


~ in the Bronx – Ralph DiGia, “World War 2 conscientious objector, lifelong pacifist and social justice activist, and staffer for 52 years at the War Resisters League” [Wikipedia].


~ at Moama, New South Wales, Alexander Noel Constantine, survivor of the Battle of Britain, shot down and killed in Indonesia in 1947 by Dutch counter-insurgent P-40 Kittyhawks while he was flying an Indian transport plane (C-47 Dakota) carrying medicines donated by the Malayan Red Cross.



War at Sea: A British submarine (B11) penetrates the Dardanelle Straits and destroys the Turkish (British built) Battleship “Mesudiye”, killing 37,  before escaping back into the open waters of the Northern Aegean [Burg & Purcell].




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