31st January 1915 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Austin, Texas – Alan Lomax, “one of the great American field collectors of folk music  of the 20th century… also a folklorist,  ethnomusicologist, archivist, writer, scholar, political activitist, oral historian and film-maker” [Wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Lomax

War!

Eastern Front: At Bolimow, the German ninth army launches 18,000 gas laden artillery shells against Russian troops, but sub-zero temperatures neutralise the gas which is dispersed without harm. The Russians, unaware, do not report the gas attack to thier allies. [Burg & Purcell].

http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_bolimov.html

Middle East: Forces of the Idrisid Emir of Asir (now south west Saudi Arabia) occupy the Farasan Islands in the Red Sea.

http://www.greatwar.co.uk/timeline/ww1-events-1915.htm

Peace

Leisure: and love: New Zealand farmer and diarist George Adkin enjoys a summer’s afternoon of photography, and the company of his beloved fiance, Maud, “my sweet softie”.

http://collections.tepapa.govt.nz/Topic/4897

http://collections.tepapa.govt.nz/object/108994

30th January 1915 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: in Kensington, London – Brigadier John Dennis (“Jack”) Profumo, 5th Baron Profumo in the nobility of Sardinia, educated at Harrow and Oxford, Secretary of State for the British War Office from 1960-1963 (when he resigned after a scandal involving Christine Keeler, a model with “connections” to a Soviet diplomat); and later a volunteer East End toilet cleaner while retaining his membership of the Boodles (gentleman’s) club in London’s St James. “His friend, social reform campaigner  Lord Longford said he ‘felt more admiration [for Profumo] than [for] all the men I’ve known in my lifetime’ ”. [Wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Profumo

War!

War at Sea: German U-boat SM U-20 sinks two British cargo vessels in the English Channel/ La Manche, while SM U-21 sinks another three in the Irish Sea. All twenty one crewmen from the vessel “Oriole” are drowned. The crewmen from the other four vessels are thankfully all rescued by nearby ships.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_shipwrecks_in_January_1915

War of Words: The British “Spectator” magazine publishes a review of a newly published book “What’s Wrong with Germany?”, but also goes on to offer its own diagnosis:

“We believe that, if the inquiry is to be pushed to the ultimate point, what is wrong with the Germans is their dreadful, their slavish devotion to Logic— to the “Absolute” and to Abstractions. When English- men create an Abstraction they do not call upon all mankind to enthrone it. They treat it as some- thing which is ” there or thereabouts,” as something useful, no doubt, but not to be pressed too far. When the Germans create an Abstraction they fall down and worship it. They not only treat it with intellectual servility, but regard it as a living thing. When their Abstraction is once established, they will not place any limits on its authority. They follow it ruth- lessly, relentlessly, remorselessly, and to the bitter end. The result is what we see in the world to-day—the earth reeking with blood, Belgium, Poland, and some of the fairest parts of France drinking the cup of suffering to the dregs, and millions of men by land and sea locked in a death struggle. Truly did Mme. de Steel use the words which we have placed as a motto to this article—” Thinking calms men of other nations; it inflames the Germans.” They are maddened by an Abstraction, but they adore it. Frankenstein had to obey the monster he created, but he loathed and feared it. Germany, the new Frankenstein, worships her creations, and is willing to follow them through blood and fire, no matter what the consequence to herself or to the rest of mankind.” [Spectator, 30th January 1915].

http://archive.spectator.co.uk/article/30th-january-1915/18/what-is-wrong-with-germany

Peace? 

US influence in Europe: Colonel Edward House, US President Wilson’s special adviser on foreign affairs, sails for Europe in pursuit of peace talks after holding bilateral discussions with the German and British ambassadors in Washington. [Burg & Purcell].

29th January, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Copenhagen – Halfdan Rasmussen, poet, resistance fighter and human rights activist.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halfdan_Rasmussen

War!

Western Front: In the Argonne region of North East France, twenty three year old Lieutenant Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel earns an Iron Cross (his second) for leading his platoon in successful raids against French positions [Burg & Purcell].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erwin_Rommel

28th January, 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Inskip, in Lancashire, England – Albert Long, palaeobotanist, naturalist and teacher.

“Education is no good if it makes people greedy or selfish or unjust. It should cure these evils. All the certificates in the world therefore cannot be compared to a kind Spirit.” [Royal Society website]

http://www.royalsoced.org.uk/cms/files/fellows/obits_alpha/Long_a.pdf

~ Also, Sir John Colville “knight and civil servant”, son of the Honourable George Colville and Lady Cynthia Colville, educated at Harrow and  Trinity College, Cambridge, and later the Assistant Private Secretary to three British Prime Ministers. “Although he should not have done so, Colville kept a diary from 1939 – 1957, parts of which have been published”.[The Janus library project in Cambridge].

http://janus.lib.cam.ac.uk/db/node.xsp?id=EAD%2FGBR%2F0014%2FCLVL

~ and in Beijing – Nien Cheng, “Chinese writer scarred by the Cultural Revolution” [Guardian newspaper obituary].

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2009/nov/10/nien-cheng-obituary

War!

The Dardanelles: In London, the War Council is split over the planned Dardanelles operation, but with help from Kitchener and Asquith (the Prime Minister) Churchill’s will prevails and the plan will proceed. [Burg & Purcell]

War at Sea: Off the coast of Brazil, the American cargo ship, the William P. Frye, a four-masted steel barque heading for England with a cargo of wheat, has been intercepted by a German cruiser. When the crew fails to fulfill orders from the German captain to jettison its cargo, the ship is sunk, inciting indignation in the US.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/germans-sink-american-merchant-ship

 

27th January 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in South Shields, in north east England – Jack Brymer OBE, “the leading clarinettist of his generation, perhaps of the century” [The Times, as quoted on Wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Brymer

War!

Western Front: To celebrate Kaiser Wilhelm’s (56th) birthday, each soldier of the German 14th Reserve Corps, which has been stationed on the Somme for several months, receives  half a bottle of wine, 15 cigars, 12 cigarettes and pack of tobacco and sausage. [Ralph Whitehead: “The other side of the wire”].

Peace

A sporting spat: In the Chancery Courts in London, Mr William Taylor fails to protect his patent for his “invention” of the dimpled golf ball.

http://www.rte.ie/centuryireland/articles/patent-awarded-for-taylor-golf-balls-revoked-by-london-courts

 

26th January 1915 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: in Colorado, USA – The Rocky Mountain National Park, a “huge expanse of scenic rugged terrain” [Google maps].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocky_Mountain_National_Park

War!

Transcaucasian Front, and beyond: In Sufian in Persia (now in Eastern Azerbaijan province in Iran) Russian forces under General Chernozubov overpower Turkish forces, enabling the Russians to re-establish local control and authority in Tabriz, ignoring Persia’s declared neutrality.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persian_Campaign

Peace:

Taxation blues: In Dublin, in (British) Ireland, Mr Richard Reeve Smythe of Griffin Lodge is being prosecuted for refusing to pay his motor tax, as required of motor owners under the provisions of the Motor Tax Licence Duties Collection Order, 1910. My Smythe’s legal council questions the validity of the tax, noting that “motorists across Ireland rarely paid it to their county councils and prosecutions were like angel visits, few and far between” [RTE century ireland].

http://www.rte.ie/centuryireland/articles/validity-of-motor-tax-queried

25th January 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in Salford, England – James Henry Miller, better known to posterity as the singer songwriter and folk musician Ewan MacColl. The son of “an iron moulder and militant trade unionist who had moved to Salford with his wife, a charwoman, to look for work after being blacklisted in almost every foundry in Scotland” [Wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ewan_MacColl

War!

Western Front: in German held Mezieres in France, the commander of XV Corps attends a meeting of the German Supreme Command for the Western Front. The attendees agree that the XV Corps sector, south of Ypres, will be used to test the new “gas cloud” weapon.

http://www.greatwar.co.uk/battles/second-ypres-1915/prelude/gas-weapon-trial.htm

Peace:

Science and technology: the inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, inaugurates the U.S. transcontinental telephone service by making a demonstration call to Thomas Watson, his former assistant, in San Francisco.

http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/01/25/jan-25-1915-alexander-graham-bell-demonstrates-atts-transcontinental-telephone-line/?_r=0