BORN TODAY: in Arzene, in the Friuli–Venezia Giulia region of North-East Italy, Arieto (later Harry) Bertoia, teenage migrant, modern furniture designer, and sound sculptor.
Hubris: In London, the War Council has absorbed Churchill’s optimism about the Dardanelles operation, and discusses its plans for the aftermath of the fall of Constantinople. [Burg & Purcell].
Western Front: At the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, British and Canadian troops attempt to rupture the German line. After roughly 10,000 casualties on each side over the next four days, the battle is described as a “tactical success and a strategic failure” for the Allied forces and the conclusion is reached that “… England will have to accustom herself to far greater losses than those of Neuve Chapelle before we finally crush the German army” [Brigadier General John Charteris, quoted on Wikipedia]