19th April 1915 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in Kharagpur, West Bengal – Chintamoni Kar, “renowned Indian sculptor.” [Wikipedia]


War in the air

Dardanelles: The British use aeriel spotters in a balloon attached to a “kite-balloon ship” to locate a Turkish defensive encampment, relaying the co-ordinates to a cruiser over the horizon which then accurately shells the Turks. [Burg & Purcell].

Belgium: Lieutenant Lanoe George Hawker, Royal Engineers and Royal Flying Corps shows
“conspicuous gallantry when he succeed[s] in dropping bombs on the German airship shed at Gontrode from a height of only 200 feet, under circumstances of the greatest risk. Lieutenant Hawker display[s] remarkable ingenuity in utilizing an occupied German captive balloon to shield him from fire whilst manoeuvring to drop the bombs.” He is later awarded the Distinguished Service Order for his gallantry and ingenuity.



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