25th April 1915 (Sunday)


At dawn, the Allied landings begin. “Air Commander C.R.Samson, flying reconaissance overhead, reports the sea ‘absolutely red with blood’ “. [Burg & Purcell].

“The Helles landings were a massacre… rifle and machine gun fire killed most of those who made the attempt.”   [ Peter Chasseaud: Mapping the First World War]. (Later) “the losses were compounded by dysentery caused by heat, flies and lack of sanitation. Landing sufficient supplies and drinking water was a perennial problem”. 

So bewildered was General von Saunders [the German commander of the Turkish troops] by his enemy’s idiocy that for the next day he remained convinced the southern landing was a mere feint and that the main invasion force was still coming elsewhere.” [ Scott Anderson: Lawrence in Arabia: War, Deceit, Imperial Folly and the Making of the Modern Middle East].

“The first day objective of those landing on Cape Helles had been to secure a small village some four miles inland…over the next seven months the British would never reach that village, but would suffer nearly a quarter of a million casualites trying” [Anderson].


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