BORN TODAY: in Rome – Brigadier Arthur Valerian Wellesley: 8th Duke of Wellington; 8th Prince of Waterloo; 9th Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo; Eton; Oxford; Royal Horse Guards; Household Cavalry Regiment; KG (Most Noble Order of the Garter); OBE (Most Excellent Order of the British Empire); MC (Military Cross); Deputy Colonel-in-Chief of the Yorkshire Regiment (deputy to the Duke of York); Deputy Colonel to the Blues and Royals (deputy to Her Royal Highness, the Princess Royal); and Honorary Colonel of the 2nd Battalion Wessex Regiment.
In short, a pukka toff.
On the British home front: the UK Parliament passes the Munitions of War Act, giving it sweeping powers for compulsory arbitration of industrial disputes; to ban strikes and lock-outs; to limit profits; and declare any factory a “controlled operation”, and with powers to approve all wage changes etc. [Burg & Purcell].
On the American home front: German-American Erich Muenter, also known as Erich Holt or Frank Holt, plants and explodes a bomb in the US Senate in Washington DC.