BORN TODAY: in Brighton, England – Rachel Amos (later Bromwich), “Celtic scholar celebrated for her masterly dictionary of Welsh and British legend” [The Independent].
Western Front: At one of the narrowest sections of no-man’s land, at Hooge in Belgium, German soldiers surprise British defenders with six of their new Flammenwerfer (flamethrowers) to capture the Hooge crater. [Burg & Purcell: Almanac of World War 1].
Australia: WIth a growing sense of unity among the Australian states, the nation holds its first “National Day”.
In Gosford, New South Wales, Miss McCabe appears as “Britannia”, holding a trident. transported in a Chrome Yellow Renault garlanded with flowers. [Flickr].
While in New Zealand, farmer and diarist George Adkin “levelled heaps in [his] Cow p[addock] all day”.