17th January 1915 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: (only in the USA) – Vincent Kosuga – American onion farmer “best known for manipulating the onion futures market. Though he made millions of dollars on commodity trading, his actions were highly controversial and attracted government scrutiny. This scrutiny led to the passing of the Onion Future Act, which banned the trading of futures contracts  on onions.” [Wikipedia]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vincent_Kosuga

War!

In the East: Russia occupies the historic region of Bukovina (now divided between Ukraine and Romania), and also Western Ukraine.

http://www.historyorb.com/events/date/1915/january

 

Peace

Mining accidents: At the village of Halmer End, in England’s North Staffordshire coal-fields, a coal gas explosion kills 9 miners, including Arthur Shufflebottom, aged just 16.

http://www.healeyhero.co.uk/rescue/Collection/jl/mini1915_A.htm

Society and culture: in the USA, the radical labour organizer and anarchist Lucy Parsons lead a hunger march in Chicago.

http://unionsong.com/u025.html

New Year’s Day, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Medyn, in the Kaluga Oblast in the western Russian Empire – Izaak Fleischfarb, zionist, and later communist, activist. Later better known as Józef “The Butcher” Światło, known for supervising the torture of inmates on behalf of the Ministry of Public Security (sic) in Poland. Later, after defecting to the west, he worked for the CIA and Radio Free Europe. Apparently he died in 1994, although “documents relating to him are still classified in the United States and not available to researchers. [Wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%B3zef_%C5%9Awiat%C5%82o

War!

War at Sea: In the French La Manche/ English Channel, German submarine U24 torpedoes and sinks the British battleship “Formidable” with the loss of 547 seamen. {Burg and Purcell].

Far from the front: In Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia, two men later identified as muslims from British India (now Pakistan) shoot dead four people and wound seven more, before being killed by police and military officers (“The Battle of Broken HIll”). Flying the Ottoman flag, the two former camel-drivers at Broken Hill open fire on a train carrying picnickers celebrating the New Year holiday.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Broken_Hill

Peace:

Railway accident: In Ilford, East of London, two morning passenger trains collide. Ten passengers die, and “upwards of 500 passengers have notified the Company of personal injuries or of shock sustained.”

http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/docsummary.php?docID=313

Dissent: The Herald League Rooms in Buchanan Street, Glasgow, Scotland are the venue today for a meeting of the Glasgow Anarchist Group, an activist group supporting anti-war and anti-conscription policies.

http://sites.scran.ac.uk/redclyde/redclyde/rc001.htm

Oh, Brave, Unhappy, New Year…

28th December 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: Stan Ogden.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Youens

War!

How the other half lives: Major General Sir John Hanbury-Williams, GCVO (Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order), KCB (Knight Commander of Britain), CMG (Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George) lunches with His Imperial Highness Tsar Nicholas II, (last) Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and (titular) King of Poland, officially known as “Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias”. These august gentlemen exchange anecdotes about Sir John’s ancestor, Sir Charles Hanbury-Williams, who was Ambassador to Russia in the time of the Empress Catherine (in the 18th century).

http://www.alexanderpalace.org/hanbury/1914.html

Peace

On a stormy night in rural Essex in England, the Reverend Jospeh Thomas, who is also a “special corporal” (part-time volunteer policeman) disappears while on patrol. The next day he is found, drowned, presumed to have slipped and been carried away by floodwater during his patrol.

http://www.essex.police.uk/memorial/roll-of-honour.php?rollOfHonourId=80

24th December 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Quilmes, Buenos Aires – Lieutenant Noel Wilson Cooper, missing, presumed dead, in 1943 during a Royal Marine commando reconnaisance operation for the invasion of Sicily. Aged 28.

http://www.hambo.org/kingscanterbury/view_man.php?id=28

War!

In England’s west country, the Western Times publishes a letter from a sailor:

Sailor Indignant at Slow Recruiting of Exeter.

Quote: An Exeter sailor on duty in the North Sea, writing to his parents, says: “I felt a bit sick when I read your letter dealing with the slow recruiting for ‘Exeter’s Own.’ To think that we are at sea doing our best to ensure food supply for these ‘ k’nuts ‘ and give them a place where they can lay their heads in safety! It not very encouraging to know that there are hundreds at Exeter watching football matches and walking out with girls. Those at Exeter ought to follow the example of the young ladies in Newcastle. They ‘ Cut’ every young fellow who will not join up.” [www.exetermemories.co.uk]

http://www.exetermemories.co.uk/em/_events/1914-this-week.php

Peace:

In London’s eastern docklands, two police constables – PCs John Severn and William Ware – both drown while on patrol, when they fall into a dock in dense fog.

http://www.policerollofhonour.org.uk/forces/ports+tunnel/port_of_tilbury_london/port_of_tilbury_london_roll.htm

9th December 1914 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: In Copenhagen –  Max Manus, Norwegian-Danish migrant, ship-broker, seaman, adventurer, soldier, resistance fighter, escapee, wanderer, saboteur, guard to a Royal Family, recipient of Norwegian, English, Polish, American and Italian medals, and office machinery entrepreneur.

http://www.maxmanus.com/About-Max-Manus/Max-Manus

War!

The Middle East: After a six day skirmish (the “Battle of Qurna”) Anglo-Indian forces take the city of Qurna, at the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, from the Ottoman occupiers, thereby securing the British advance into Mesopotamia (now Southern Iraq).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Qurna

Peace

Mining accidents: At the Scranton diamond mine in Pennsylvania, a lift carriage disintegrates and plunges several hundred feet into the shaft, killing 13 miners.

http://thomasgenweb.com/diamond_mine_1914_accident.html

 

26th November 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Ludvika, Sweden – Birgit Ridderstedt, immigrant to America and Swedish-American folk singer of the 1950s and 1960s.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birgit_Ridderstedt

War!

Shipping Accidents: Off the coast of Sheerness, in England’s Thames estuary, an internal explosion destroys HMS Bulwark, claiming the lives of 738 men.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Bulwark_%281899%29

Society & Culture: In London’s Holloway district, a local resident visits the police station to file a complaint that “while watching a film at the “Rink” [cinema] a couple of nights before, he ‘saw several acts of indecency between males and females occupying seats near where he and his wife were sitting’ ” [“Khaki Fever Moral Panic: Female spectators and women police at the Finsbury Park Rink cinema, London, 1913-1919”, by Alex Rock]

23rd November 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Los Angeles – Emmett Ashford “Baseball’s first black umpire”.

http://www.nndb.com/people/785/000207164/

~ in the Bharatpur District of Rajastan in Western India –  Krishan Chander, the urdu fiction writer who wrote “Lahore [then in British India now in Pakistan] is a place where I was born”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krishan_Chander

~ in Palmerston North, New Zealand – Eric Orgias, RAF pilot who died in a night time crash while flying a Blenheim in June 1940, aged 25.

http://www.bbm.org.uk/Orgias.htm

War!

In the Middle East: An Anglo-Indian force, having yesterday found that the city of Basra in Turkish Mesopotamia (now Iraq) is now empty of Turkish forces, marches into the city “with colours flying and bands playing” [Roger Ford: “Eden to Armageddon – World War 1 in the Middle East”].