11th May 1915 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: in Luanda, Angola – Aníbal da Fonseca Paciência, Portuguese footballer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/An%C3%ADbal_Paci%C3%AAncia

War!

The (English) Home Front: In Liverpool, which has experienced several days of riots targetting german, and alleged german, businesses and homes after the sinking of the Lusitania, a crowd of 2000 intent on rioting – or perhaps looting – in the Wallasey district has to be turned back by a cordon of police. With much german owned property already destroyed the xenophobic crowd directs its attention to other groups – Scandinavians, Italians, Russians and Chinese. The rioting also spreads to Manchester.

http://www.hssr.mmu.ac.uk/mcrh/files/2013/01/mrhr_02ii_panayi.pdf

The Eastern Front: Tsar Nicholas writes home to his wife, Alexandra. After explaining to her the current difficulties of the Russian Army in the face of the German and Austrian advance, and giving his assessment of the performance of various Russian commanders, he concludes:  “For the last few days the weather has been magnificent, the woods smell so delightfully and the birds sing so loudly. It is a veritable rustic idyll – if only it were not for the war I drive about in a car, look at new places, get out and walk.”

http://www.alexanderpalace.org/letters/may15.html

19th October 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in Greenwood, Mississippi – Juanita Moore, American film, television, and stage actress who died earlier this year in Los Angeles, aged 99.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juanita_Moore

War!

Western Front: In Belgium, German forces are converging for an attack at Ypres, a vital transport and communications centre, with the intention of taking control of the Channel ports [Burg and Purcell].

After several gruelling days battling death on hospital trains, an anonymous British nursing sister manages a short respite in Rouen:

“This is the most glorious old city, two cathedrals of surpassing beauty, lovely old streets, broad river, hills, and lovely hot baths and hair shampooing, What with two cathedrals, a happy hour in a hot bath, a shampoo, and delicious tea in the town, we’ve had a happy day.” [from the “Diary of a Nursing Sister on the Western Front, 1914-1915”].

In the Middle East: T.E, Lawrence, held back at the War Office in London in case his special regional knowledge and language skills may yet be put to use, writes to the wife of the British consul in Aleppo, in the Ottoman Empire: “Turkey seems at last to have made up its mind to lie down and be at peace with all the world… I’m sorry because I wanted to root them out of Syria, and now their blight will be more enduring than ever” [Scott Anderson: “Lawrence in Arabia, War, Deceit, Imperial Folly  and the Making of the Modern Middle East”].

In South West Africa:  a German military column crosses the border from (German) South West Africa and enters [Portuguese] Angola without authorization from the Portuguese authorities. The column is intercepted by Portuguese forces and conducted to Fort Naulila, where a dispute results in the death of three German officers. [Wikipedia]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naulila

 

 

11th May 1913 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY, in Resende, Portugal – Edgar Cardoso, builder of bridges (literally, not metaphorically) on three continents across the Portuguese (ex) empire, including: Angola, Portuguese Guinea (now Guinea Bissau) and Mozambique in Africa; Macau and India in Asia; and of course in Portugal.

First Balkan War: The Bulgarian town of Silistra is awarded to Romania as part of the settlement.

Extreme Weather: A typhoon strikes the Philippines, killing over 800 people.

Society and Culture: In the US House of Representatives, Members wear white carnations to honor American Mothers – the first observance of Mothers’ Day in the USA.

Dr Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, author of “Married Love” and “Wise Parenthood”, files for divorce on the grounds that her marriage has never been consummated.