29th June, 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY:   in Little Tew, in Oxfordshire – Nancy Sandars, archaeologist.

http://www.nancysandars.org.uk/biography_early_life.php

World Affairs: In Sarajevo, Catholic Croats and Muslims riot (together), attacking Serbians and their homes and businesses. [“Almanac of World War 1“]. Fifty are injured, and one is killed. There are also anti-Serbian riots in Vienna.

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Almanac-World-War-David-Burg/dp/081319087*

~ in Pokrovskoye, in the Tyumen Oblast, in Russia – Khioniya Guseva tries to assassinate Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin, the Russian mystic, faith healer and private adviser to the Romanovs. She is judged to be insane and committed to an asylum until 1917.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khioniya_Guseva

A wandering archaeologist: Thomas Edward Lawrence, a twenty five year old Oxford graduate and archaeologist, is taking a break in England and writes to a friend that he will be in England for another 2 or 3 weeks, after which he expects to return to his duties at Carchemish in Syria. [“Lawrence in Arabia: War, Deceit, Imperial Folly and the Making of the Modern Middle East”, by Scott Anderson].

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Lawrence-Arabia-Deceit-Imperial-Making-ebook/dp/B00HK5DZG4/ref=sr_1_1?s=digital-text&ie=UTF8&qid=1402758365&sr=1-1&keywords=lawrence+in+arabia

 

 

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28th December 1913 (Sunday)

BORN TO MUSIC:

~ in Beijing (then known in the West as Peking) – Wang Luobin, Chinese folk song writer who, after graduating from music school in Beijing, spent 50 years collecting and revising western Chinese folk songs.

http://arts.cultural-china.com/en/97Arts13395.html

~ In Berlin – Polish musician Jozef Kropinski, survivor of Auschwitz and Buchenwald.

http://holocaustmusic.ort.org/places/camps/death-camps/auschwitz/kropinskijozef/

~ in Ofena, Italy – Paolo Silveri, operatic baritone.

http://www.discogs.com/artist/1640301-Paolo-Silveri

Archaeology: In the Ancient Greek and Roman town of Cyrene in Libya,  Italian troops find a headless marble sculpture, “Venus of Cyrene”, after torrential rains washed away the topsoil at Trajan’s Baths in the Sanctuary of Apollo.  After a long sojourn in Italy she returned home to Cyrene in 2008.

http://penelope.uchicago.edu/~grout/encyclopaedia_romana/miscellanea/museums/venuscyrene.html

29th October 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in East Preston, Sussex, England – Oliver Louis Zangwill, influential British neuropsychologist and  Professor Emeritus at Cambridge, after whom the Oliver Zangwill Centre for specialist rehabilitation after brain injury (in Cambridge, England) is named.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oliver_Zangwill

Society and culture: V.I.Lenin publishes his paper, “Capitalism and Workers’ migration” in Pravda:  “Emancipation from the yoke of capital is impossible without the further development of capitalism, and without the class struggle that is based on it. And it is into this struggle that capitalism is drawing the masses of the working people of the whole world, breaking down the musty, fusty habits of local life, breaking down national barriers and prejudices, uniting workers from all countries in huge factories and mines in America, Germany, and so forth.”

http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1913/oct/29.htm

~ In South Africa, as part of ongoing protests against the treatment of Indian labourers, Mahatma  Gandhi begins leading strikers (illegally) over the Transvaal border along the Durban/Johannesburg railway line.Hundreds of men, women and children led by Gandhi march from Newcastle into the Transvaal to purposefully defy the Immigrants Regulation Act of 1913.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/mohandas-mahatma-karamchand-gandhi

~ In Wellington, New Zealand, as part of the ongoing “Great Strike”,  more than a thousand strikers brake through the gates of the Basin Reserve, where they hold a protest meeting.

http://wellington.govt.nz/about-wellington/history/history-of-wellington/1890-1918

Ancient migrations:  In Balreegan Quarry in Scotland, a Roman coin hoard is discovered in a small earthenware jug about 3 1/2″ high, consisting of 125 brass coins ranging from Constantine I to Decentines. The hoard is believed to have been concealed around 354 AD.

http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/60607/details/balgreggan+quarry/

21st May 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: at Tettenhall, Wolverhampton, UK – Leonard Cottrell, British author and journalist who popularised archaeology with titles like “Life under the Pharaohs”, “Crete, Island of Mystery”, and “The Quest for Sumer”.

Society and Culture: King George V of Britain and Ireland arrives in Germany  to attend the wedding of his cousin’s daughter – Princess Luise (daughter of the Kaiser). These two cousins are both grandchildren of Queen Victoria of Britain and Ireland. Tomorrow another of King George’s cousins, Tsar Nicholas II, will join them. These two cousins (George and Nicholas) are both grandchildren of King Christian X of Denmark.

In New York, Raffaele Ciavarella is executed in the electric chair for the crime of murder.