20th September 1913 (Saturday)


~ In New York City – Sidney Dillon Ripley II, “one of the twentieth century’s outstanding figures in the areas of museology, ornithology and conservation”.


~ in Waukesha, Wisconsin – John Thomas Curtis, “a productive writer on a variety of botanical subjects ranging from statistical ecology and plant physiology to conservation and the study of orchids”


Society and culture: In Essex, England, members of the Essex Field Club visit the newly excavated “Mersea Barrow” on Mersea Island in the Thames Estuary. Arriving by “motor omnibus”  they enter through a new tunnel (which has replaced the open excavation trench) to view the Roman tile-built tomb, which has been left in place at the heart of the burial mound.


Exploration: In the Beaufort Sea north of Alaska, commander Stefansson of HMCS Karluk, which is trapped in the ice, sets off with a small party to hunt for food. When he returns some 10 days later both the ice floe and the ship have drifted many miles to the west, where eventually, in early January, it will sink, near Wrangle Island, off the Siberian Coast. Its crew of 22 men, one woman, two children, 16 dogs and a cat escape the sinking ship and face gruelling journeys of many months back to civilization.


World Affairs: in Britain, the Spectator (newspaper) shares with its readers its view (“extremely pleased”) on Lord Hardinge’s (the Viceroy of India’s) recent comments regarding Britain’s attitude towards muslims:

“We believe that after these statements it will no longer be possible for any school of politicians to pretend with any hope of success that because Great Britain controls the destinies of more Mohammedans than any other Power in the world she is bound to protect the interests of Islam in every quarter of the globe. No one, as we pointed out the other day, would argue that because England supports the Protestant religion she must fly to the help of the Protestants of Holland or Sweden if they were suddenly attacked. Moslems have no more right to demand that England should fly to the help of Moslems wherever they are attacked because England is the greatest of Moslem Powers”. [The Spectator, 20th September 1913].