BORN TODAY: in Litomyšl in Czechoslovakia, Zdeněk Kopal, Cambridge, Harvard and Manchester astronomer after whom asteroid 2628 Kopal is named.
Disasters: In St John’s, Newfoundland, the sealing vessel, SS Bellaventure arrives in port with a gruesome cargo of 69 sealers from the vessel SS Newfoundland, who perished while stranded in a North Atlantic blizzard.
Transportation: in the north of England, the 11 mile railway from Carlisle to Port Carlisle, on the Solway Firth sees the final day of its horse drawn railway service. The route was originally (1823) a canal, replaced by horse drawn railway carriages in 1854. In two days from now a steam train service will open, and will run until 1932, when this branch line will permanently close.