BORN TODAY: in Lvov, Poland (now in Ukraine) – Michal Stefan Pienkowski: privileged Polish son; chemistry graduate; Polish Air Force conscript; internee in Romania; refugee in Yugoslavia, Italy and France; member of the Polish forces in exile (in Britain); member of the Polish Air force under RAF command; interpreter and instructor; Derbyshire tailor and store-keeper; Duffield sub-postmaster; and Staffordshire smallholder. He died in 1985 from pneumonia originally contracted during World War 2.
Military matters: General Sir Charles Whittingham Horsley Douglas, GCB (“Knight Grand Cross”), ADC (“aide de camp”), is appointed as the third (successive) Chief of the (British) Imperial General Staff (“CIGS”). He has previously served as a British Officer in the second Anglo-Afghan War, The first Boer War, the Suakin Expedition (Sudan), and the second Boer War. He will die from strain and overwork later this year, less than three months after the outbreak of World War 1.
Accidents: Three passengers die when the Wabash passenger train plunges from a collapsing bridge near Attica, Indiana, USA.
Society and culture: In Dartford, South East London, Mr Samuel Bonmak, gravedigger, spends his day digging the first grave in the new Watling Cemetery, in preparation for the burial, tomorrow, of Mr James Duggan.