10th September 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in British Guiana, South America – Kenrick Reginald Hijmans (“snakehips”) Johnson, jazz band-leader and dancer, killed, aged 26, (along with over 30 others) by a direct bomb hit during the Blitz in March 1941, while performing at London’s Cafe de Paris night club.



Western Front: As the Battle of the Marne draws towards its conclusions, the German armies withdraw towards the border. “Over two million men fought in the First Battle of the Marne and although there are no exact official casualty counts for the battle, estimates for the actions of September along the Marne front for all armies are often given as c. 500,000 killed or wounded. French casualties totalled 250,000 men, of whom 80,000 were killed.” [Wikipedia].



On volcanic Whakaari/White Island in New Zealand’s Bay of Plenty, “a large portion of the main crater wall collapses onto the crater floor and consumes a mining camp [where] sulphur was mined for the manufacture of sulphuric acid and fertiliser. Ten sulphur miners perish.”

When rescuers reach the island, no sign of the miners can be found.


27th January 1913 (Monday)

BORN TODAY In Amsterdam, Netherlands – Lodewijk Prins, Dutch Chess Player.

Labour Relations: In Berbice, British Guiana (now Guyana), 150 years after a slave revolt against the Dutch started in the same vicinity, indentured laborers at Plantation Rose Hall on the Canje River refuse to obey the orders of their Scottish manager who is interfering with their traditional end of season four day holiday. In the ensuing conflict (“The Rose Hall Disturbances”) police fire on a crowd who are attempting to prevent the arrest of a ringleader. 14 laborers are killed by the gunfire.

Women’s rights: The British cabinet votes to remove the women’s suffrage bill from the order of business in Parliament.

Society and culture: The Imperial German Army Service authorizes the  Flugzeugführerabzeichen (Pilot’s badge) for those who have demonstrated proficiency as pilot or observer.

In London, the Maida Vale Picture Palace opens. In addition to a cinema there is a seven piece orchestra. The cinema seats an audience of 1500, including a balcony for 500. Programmes change twice a week and bookings can be made by telephone.

Law and order: The first sitting of the (British) Legislative Council of the Central Government (of India) after its transfer from Calcutta to Delhi , takes place at the “Old Secretariat” building newly constructed for the purpose.