18th May 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Nové Mesto nad Váhom (“the new town on the River Vah”) in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (later in Czechoslovakia, now in Slovakia) – Stefan Schwarz, survivor of Sachsenhausen and Buchenwald, Professor of Mathematics, and Head of the Mathematical Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences from 1966 until 1987.

http://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/Biographies/Schwarz_Stefan.html

~ In Plovdiv, Bulgaria – Boris Christoff, “probably the best known of all Bulgarian opera singers”.

http://www.ucis.pitt.edu/opera/OFB/stars/chr01.htm

~ in Kishinev in Imperial Russia (now Chișinău, capital of the Republic of  Moldova) – Alla Nikolayevna Bayanova, “Russian romance singer singer sometimes compared with Edith Piaf for her simple yet dramatic style of performance”. [Wikipedia].

 

Women’s Suffrage: In well-to-do Hampstead, in London – the personal property of Mrs Louisa Thomson Price is auctioned to settle her debts for unpaid taxation. Mrs Price is a member of the Women’s Tax Resistance League, whose motto is ” No taxation without representation”.

http://womanandhersphere.com/2013/07/08/suffrage-stories-womens-tax-resistance-league-sale-hampstead-may-1914/

30th April, 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY:

~ In Johannesburg, South Africa – Kitty Black, “The Queen  of British pirate radio”.

http://www.offshoreradio.co.uk/kitty.htm

http://www.offshoreechos.com/Kitty%20Black.htm

~ On England’s Isle of Wight – Sir Christopher George Rhodes, soldier, actor, Baronet.

http://shelf3d.com/i/Christopher%20Rhodes

~ In Sofia, Bulgaria – Sijka Petrova, soprano.

 

18th September 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: RAF Halton, the air force base near Wendover in Buckinghamshire, England.

http://www.raf.mod.uk/rafhalton/publicinfo/centenaryyouthrugbyhistory.cfm

~ Also, in Chatham Islands in the South Pacific, Chatham Island Radio.

http://maritimeradio.org/zlc/

World Affairs (Second Balkan War): In Constantinople, representatives of Bulgaria and Turkey agree the delineation of the new Thracian border separating the two countries. [The Spectator, 20th September 1913]

http://archive.spectator.co.uk/article/20th-september-1913/2/on-thursday-at-constantinople-articles-of-agreemen

Law, order and labour relations:

~ In the Colorado coalfields, at the Ludlow tented camp of striking miners evicted from their homes, company guard who has raped a number of miners’ wives, is shot dead.

http://pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk/sr222/newsing.htm

~ In Ireland 300 striking farm workers from Swords, North of Dublin, march into Dublin, accompanied by the Swords pipe and drum band, to take part in labour demonstrations.

“The principal rallying-ground for the Larkinites” – The Swords Riot of 1913

Society and culture: In Heidelberg, Germany Princess Sophie Augustine Ida Karoline Pauline Agnes Elisabeth Ernestine von Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach, aged 25,  shoots herself after her family refuse to allow her to marry the son of a local banker.

Music and entertainment: On Broadway, the Al Jolson musical “The Honeymoon Express” begins an eight month tour, including the songs: :The Spaniard That Blighted My Life”;  “You Made Me Love You”; and  “Who Paid the Rent for Mrs Rip Van Winkle ?”.

http://jolson.jimdo.com/theatre/broadway-shows/the-honeymoon-express/

3rd September 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Hot Springs, Arkansas – Alan Walbridge Ladd, aka the cowboy “Shane”

http://www.nndb.com/people/517/000031424/

World Affairs

 

~ The Zionist Congress meets in Vienna to discuss its aim to colonise Palestine

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/59104201

~ Negotiations begin between Turkey and Bulgaria which will eventually (late September) lead to the Treaty of Constantinople, whereby Turkey regains Adrianople (Edirne), its ancient capital taken by the Bulgarians earlier in the year.

https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/boshtml/bos151.htm

Arms Race: the Dreadnought battleship “Reshadieh “, built by the Vickers Company in Britain as part of an order for the Ottoman Navy,  is launched by the daughter of the Turkish Ambassador to Britain, using rose-water instead of the customary champagne. She (the battleship, that is) will be “requisitioned” (confiscated from the Turks while still in final fit out in Britain) by the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill in August 1914, and renamed HMS Erin, causing a diplomatic furore, indignation in Istanbul, and increasing the likelihood that Turkey enters WW1 on the side of the Central Powers.

http://www.dreadnoughtproject.org/tfs/index.php/H.M.S._Erin_(1913)

Empire: In a remote part of the British East Africa “Protectorate” (Northern Kenya) where British forces are conducting a continuing campaign against desert raiders and intruders from across the Abyssinian border, Lieutenant William Lloyd-Jones leads a small party which attacks and kills a party of raiders, and sustains serious injuries which require him to be stretchered back to Nairobi, a journey taking over 6 weeks. Later he is awarded the “last Distinguished Service Order to be awarded before the Great War broke out”.

http://www.kaiserscross.com/188001/323201.html

Exploration: In the Arctic Circle, the archipelago named “Emperor Nicholas II Land” (now Severnaya Zemlya) is discovered, the last archipelago (so far) to be discovered anywhere on the planet.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Severnaya_Zemlya

20th July 1913 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: Tommy “Old Reliable” Heinrich, major league baseball right fielder with the NY Yankees, 1937-42 and 1946-50.

World Affairs – the Fukien province in China joins other regions in declaring itself independent. China appears to be disintegrating.

Second Balkan War: Turkish troops retake Adrianople (Edirne) from Bulgaria after losing it in the first Balkan War earlier in the year.

18th July 1913 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Vinciennes, Indiana – Richard Bernard “Red” Skelton, US radio and television entertainer, comedian and talk show host.

Second Balkan War: Romanian troops advance to within 30 miles of the Bulgarian capitla, forcing King Ferdinand I to sue for peace with King Carol I of Romania.

Rail Accidents: In Murphy’s Creek, Queensland, Australia – 14 die in a railway accident.

17th July 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Marseilles, France – to Catholic and Atheist parents – Roger Garaudy, youthful protestant, French resistance member, post-war communist, Marxist, deputy speaker of the National Assembly, expelled from the communist party for criticising the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968, political philosopher and convert to Islam (Ragaa Garaudy) in 1982.

World Affairs: Sheikh Abdullah Bin Qassim Al-Thani becomes the ruler of Qatar, succeeding Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani, who had reigned since 1878 after the death of Sheikh Mohammed bin Thani, who had ruled since 1850.

Second Balkan War: Bulgarian Prime Minister Stoyan Petrov Danev resigns and is replaced by Vasil Hristov Radoslavov.

Early Flight: On Salisbury Plain in England, Major Alexander Hewetson is killed when his Bristol Prier-Dickson monoplane crashes during his test flight for his aviator certificate. The inquest concludes that the accident was caused by lack of skill on the part of the pilot.