BORN TODAY – Lionel Emmett, who trained as a physician in Calcutta (now Kolkata) and won gold for India at the Berlin Olympics in 1936 as part of the field hockey team.
Exploration: On the 1911-1914 Australasian Antarctic Expedition, in previously unexplored coastal regions, the Swiss ski expert Xavier Mertz dies – possibly from poisoning by excessive vitamin A as result of eating the livers of the expedition’s Greenland Huskies. His sole surviving companion, expedition commander Douglas Mawson eventually makes it back to safety a month later, after what Sir Edmund Hillary would later call “probably the greatest story of lone survival in Polar exploration”.
Natural disasters and events: The Hobart Mercury (Tasmania) reports the arrival in Sydney of the barque “Belfast”, in a damaged state, having been struck by a meteorite. ” On December 15  … the vessel was going along with all sail set when an intense bluish light streaked over the ship from stern to bow, with a downward direction. This was followed by the foretop gallant mast and main royal yard coming downwith a run. They had been cut right through, but the sails were not damaged. Directly after the visitation it was found that the ship’s compasses had been affected, and showed a serious difference. Captain Paragon decided to return to Sydney,which port was made mostly by dead reckoning”.
First Balkan War: at the London Peace conference, Serbia gives up its demand for a port on the coast of the Adriatic.