25th September, 1915 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: in Beckenham, Kent – Betty Box, prolific English film producer.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betty_Box

War! 

Western Front: the British launch what will prove to be the largest British battle of 1915 on the Western Front: The Battle of Loos.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Loos

 

10th September, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in New York City – Edmond O’Brien, actor.

http://www.nndb.com/people/620/000042494/

Local journalism, 100 years ago today:  in England, the Western Times provides its readers with an update:

“Cycle accident     – On enquiry at the Royal Devon and Hospital last evening we were informed that the youth, Albert Madge, who met with a  serious accident on Wednesday through colliding, while cycling, with a taxi-cab in Queen-street, Exeter, had passed  a comfortable day.”

http://www.exetermemories.co.uk/em/_events/1915-this-week.php

War!

Crime and punishment: At the Tower of London, at 6.00AM, Ernst Waldemar Melin, a Swedish national, is executed by firing squad for the crime of spying on behalf of the German government.

http://www.stephen-stratford.co.uk/ernst_melin.htm

1st September 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Sialkot, in British India (now in Pakistan) – Rajinder Singh Bedi, Urdu playwright and later a Hindi film director and screenwriter. “In his memory, the Government of Punjab has started a “Rajinder Singh Bedi Award” in the field of Urdu Literature”. [Wikipedia]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajinder_Singh_Bedi

19th August 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Chicago – Ringgold Wilmer Lardner Jr., journalist and screenwriter blacklisted in post-war Hollywood for his un-american activities, who later wrote the screenplay for M*A*S*H.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ring_Lardner,_Jr.

War!

War at Sea: The German submarine U-24 sinks the White Star Liner, “Arabic”, with the loss of 44 lives. In retaliation the British Royal Navy’s “HMS Baralong” tricks another U-boat, U-27 by flying a US  flag and feigning the rescue of passengers from another British steamer, and then shelling and destroying the submarine. The 12 surviving crew of U-27 take refuge on the steamer they were about to destroy, but are summarily executed by a boarding party from the Baralong. (“the Baralong incident”).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baralong_incidents

15th August 1915 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Stockholm – Signe Eleonora Cecilia Larsson (later, Signe Hasso) Swedish born American actress.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Signe_Hasso

Society and Culture: at St Mary Magdalene Parish church in Old Milton, Hampshire, in southern England, Ethel Henrietta Florence Burton (25) marries Frank Rex (“Jimmy”) Fletcher (25).

http://www.ciaofamiglia.com/frfletcher/fletchphotos/Frank_Edward_Fletcher_Family/fletcher_wedding_1915/FR_&_Ethel_marry_1915.htm

Leisure: New Zealand farmer and diarist George Adkin enjoys a Sunday afternoon outing in the country (after church) with friends in their  “lovely Humber car… Maud [his fiance]wore a bewitching black veil tied over a soft hat + her black furs + when she nestled down into the billowy soft cushions + was tucked in with a nice fur rug, she looked like a sweetest little adorable duchess one could imagine.”

http://collections.tepapa.govt.nz/Topic/5093

War!

Gallipoli: In response to the continuing failures of allied attacks on the Turkish at Suvla Bay, the British Secretary of War (Kitchener) dismisses the General in charge. Several more senior military men are either dismissed or voluntarily resign, an option sadly not available to the long suffering and frequently dying troops.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landing_at_Suvla_Bay

 On the (British) Home Front: Under the recent National Registration Act, all UK citizens between the ages of 15 and 65 are required today to register as at the their current residential address.

https://derbyscheme.wordpress.com/2013/01/19/national-registration-act-1915/

11th August 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Dayton, Ohio – Paul Falkard Iams, Sr, manufacturer of petfoods.

~ In Deer Lodge, Montana – Luise Stephanie Zelinska, better known as Jean Parker, manufacturer of celluloid dreams.

http://www.nndb.com/people/195/000137781/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Parker

4th August 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Berlin – Eleonore “Loni” Nest, German child star actress who ended her career after more than 40 movies at the age of 13, before retiring to the south of France [Wikipedia]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loni_Nest

War!

Adriatic skullduggery: The Triple Alliance  (Britain, France and Russia) reneges on its secret commitment to Italy (that control of parts of the Adriatic coast should only be decided after the war) by sending an official note to Serbia confirming the post-war territorial claims of Serbia and Montenegro. [Wikipedia].

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_London_(1915)

17th July 1915 (Saturday)

War!

On the British Home Front: in ‘deplorable’ weather, outside the Houses of Parliament, British “lionesses” demand a share of the burden of war.

“Some scoffed, but others sympathised and encouraged, and the resulting Women’s War Register saw thousands of women sign up to work in the factories.The results were impressive. The number of women in the workforce rose from 3.214 million in July 1914 to 4.08 million in July 1916, and 4.94 million in November 1918. Unfortunately, however, many would be pushed out of their jobs when the munitions factories closed and the men came back from the front.” [The Independent]

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/world-history/history-of-the-first-world-war-in-100-moments/a-history-of-the-first-world-war-in-100-moments-british-women-demand-a-share-of-the-burden-9322644.html

http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/britain1906to1918/transcript/g4cs4s1t.htm

http://www.screenonline.org.uk/film/id/583565/

On the Australian Home Front: Australasian films releases “The Hero of the Dardanelles”, a patriotic war recruiting film.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hero_of_the_Dardanelles