3rd June 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Ribeirão Preto – Argemiro Pinheiro da Silva, Brazilian footballer.

~ in Santa Clara – Mario Inchausti Goitia, Cuban footballer.

~ In Australia – Norm Hillard, (Australian rules) footballer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argemiro

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mario_Inchausti

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norm_Hillard

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20th May, 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY:

~ On Independence Day in  Cardenas, in the province of Matanzas, on the north coast of Cuba – the city’s electric tramway.

http://www.tramz.com/cu/cd/cd.html

~ Also, on the Degania Alef kibbutz in Ottoman Palestine, to Shmuel and Devorah Dayan, immigrants from Ukraine – a son: Moshe.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moshe_Dayan

War!

In Rome: The Italian Parliament ratifies the decision to go to war against Austria-Hungary. [Mark Thompson: “The White War: Life and Death on the Italian Front, 1915-1919”]

17th December 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Havana – Fernando Alonso, cuban ballet dancer and co-founder of the Cuban National Ballet [wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_Alonso_%28dancer%29

War!

in the Caucasus: Turkish forces launch an attack on Russian forces in an engagement which will last until mid January.

http://www.ww1worcestershire.co.uk/key-dates/1914/12/turkish-forces-launch-attacks-on-the-russians-in-the-caucasus-in-difficult-conditions-the-russians-initially-do-badly-but-soon-recover-fighting-continues-until-18-january-1915/

Western Front: On the Battlefield of “Hill 141” in the La Boiselle district of the Somme, german machine guns cut down a french attack at dawn:

“I never saw any attack that was as thoroughly killed before it got under way as this one…the french losses during the brief space of about 20 minutes were over 2,500 dead and wounded. The dead were still on the plateau when we left La Boiselle later in March 1915”.

[Hans Ludwig, quoted in Ralph J Whitehead’s “The Other Side of the Wire”]

The account is corroborated by an anonymous British nursing sister who records in her diary today: “The French also lost heavily, and lie unburied in hundreds” adding optimistically: …“but the men say the germans were still more badly ‘punished’ “. [Diary of a nursing sister on the western front, 1914-1915].

http://www.somme-battlefields.com/event/offensive-17th-december-1914-ovillers-boisselle

14th September 1913 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Quetzaltenango (aka Xelajú or Xela), the second largest city in Guatemala – Colonel Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán, elected President of Guatemala (1951) who promised to “convert Guatemala from a backward country with a predominantly feudal economy into a modern capitalist state…. without the aid of foreign capital”. Ousted by a CIA engineered military coup in 1954. Exiled in Mexico, Switzerland, Paris, Prague, Moscow, Uruguay and Cuba. Finally returned to Mexico where he died in his bathroom  from “drowning or scalding” in 1971. Officially absolved from his alleged wrongdoings by the Guatemalan government in 2011.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacobo_%C3%81rbenz

http://www.matadorjaimebravo.com/JacoboArbenzBiography.htm

25th April 1913 (Friday)

BORN TODAY, in Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA – Earl Bostic, American Jazz and Rhythm and Blues alto-saxophonist.

Also, in Los Angeles, Kenneth Spencer, bass-baritone opera singer killed in an air crash in 1964.

Arms Race: The Italian Regia Marina launches the submarine “Nautilus”.

Britain’s first “Defensively Armed Merchant Ship” (DAMS), RMS Aragon (later HMT Aragon) leaves Southampton. After serving as a troop carrier at Gallipoli (1915), she will eventually (1917) be sunk in the Mediterranean by a german submarine, with the loss of 610 lives.

Women’s suffrage: in the UK, Royal Assent is given for the notorious “Cat and Mouse Act” whereby a suffragette hunger striker in prison can be released on health grounds and re-incarcerated as soon as feasible to complete her original term of sentence.

Crime and punishment: Ivory Frazer is hanged in New Mexico for the murder of a Deputy Sheriff.

Society and culture: the US Marine Corps Association is founded at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

2nd March 1913 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY, in Cienfuegos, Cuba – Celedenio Romero, guitarist, composer, poet and founder of the Romeros guitar quartet.

First Balkan War: With the arrival of the Greek Army, the Island of Samos becomes a part of Greece, liberated from Ottoman Turkish rule.

World Affairs: US soldiers accidentally invade Mexico when they pursue Mexican Army troops after a border skirmish in Douglas, Arizona.

Women’s suffrage: in St Petersburg, Imperial Russia’s capital, Russian women observe their first International Women’s Day, demonstrating for the right to vote.

Public Health: The “Tombstone Epitaph” in Arizona, USA, reports a “Spinal meningitis epidemic in Bisbee” with the sub-headline “Much alarm felt at Big Copper Camp – all public places and schools ordered closed”.

Society and culture: Mr Karl Behr marries Miss Helen Newsom at the Church of the Transfiguration in New York City. Both are survivors of the Titanic Disaster which took place a little under one year ago.