BORN TODAY: in Bellevue , France – a son and third child to the dancer Isadora Duncan, each with different fathers. Her first two children drowned in a freak motor accident in the River Seine in Paris in April 1913. This third child survived only a few hours.
Eastern Front: German troops invade Poland, capturing Kalish, Chenstokhov and Bendzin.
Western Front: Belgium rejects the German ultimatum at 7.00AM. The British government and parliament, previously divided along party lines, finds solidarity in its interests to preserve Belgian neutrality. The British foreign secretary comments:
“The lamps are going out all over Europe; we shall not see them lit again in our lifetime”
Germany declares war on France as one and a half million German troops move towards Belgium and France. Another half million are moving Eastward…
Sources: “Almanac of World War 1” – “The Guns of August” – “Hansard” (record of the proceedings of the British Parliament).
Migration: The town of Utica, in Oneida County, New York State enjoys “Old Home Week” when former citizens who have gone out into the world are welcomed back, and everyone’s mutual prosperity is celebrated.
Globalisation: the Panama Canal is officially opened to commercial traffic. (some sources say August 15th).