19th June 1915 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY:

~ at the New York naval shipyard – USS Arizona, a Pennsylvania class battleship sent to the bottom of Pearl Harbour on 7th December 1941, aged 26, along with 1,177 US servicemen.

https://en.wikipedia.org/?title=USS_Arizona_(BB-39)

~ In Brooklyn – the Fourth Avenue subway, with trains running to Coney Island.

http://www.nycsubway.org/wiki/Brooklyn’s_Subway_Will_Open_Today_(Fourth_Ave._Line)_(1915)

~ in the Bronx – Julius Schwartz, pioneer comic editor.

http://www.nndb.com/people/835/000044703/

~ In Harlem – Henry Christian LeTang, choreographer.

https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/alt.obituaries/kOx5hNexzGA

Advertisements

15th June 1915 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: in Purwokerto on the Island of Java in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia ) – her mother a descendent of the Maharaja of Java,  of Hindu, Polish, German and French extraction, her father a Danish engineer – Nini Arlette Thielade, ballet dancer.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nini_Theilade

17th December 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Havana – Fernando Alonso, cuban ballet dancer and co-founder of the Cuban National Ballet [wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_Alonso_%28dancer%29

War!

in the Caucasus: Turkish forces launch an attack on Russian forces in an engagement which will last until mid January.

http://www.ww1worcestershire.co.uk/key-dates/1914/12/turkish-forces-launch-attacks-on-the-russians-in-the-caucasus-in-difficult-conditions-the-russians-initially-do-badly-but-soon-recover-fighting-continues-until-18-january-1915/

Western Front: On the Battlefield of “Hill 141” in the La Boiselle district of the Somme, german machine guns cut down a french attack at dawn:

“I never saw any attack that was as thoroughly killed before it got under way as this one…the french losses during the brief space of about 20 minutes were over 2,500 dead and wounded. The dead were still on the plateau when we left La Boiselle later in March 1915”.

[Hans Ludwig, quoted in Ralph J Whitehead’s “The Other Side of the Wire”]

The account is corroborated by an anonymous British nursing sister who records in her diary today: “The French also lost heavily, and lie unburied in hundreds” adding optimistically: …“but the men say the germans were still more badly ‘punished’ “. [Diary of a nursing sister on the western front, 1914-1915].

http://www.somme-battlefields.com/event/offensive-17th-december-1914-ovillers-boisselle

3rd August 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in Bellevue , France – a son and third child to the dancer Isadora Duncan, each with different fathers. Her first two children drowned in a freak motor accident in the River Seine in Paris in April 1913. This third child survived only a few hours.

http://www.astro.com/astro-databank/Duncan,_Stillborn

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isadora_Duncan

WAR!

Eastern Front: German troops invade Poland, capturing Kalish, Chenstokhov and Bendzin.

Western Front: Belgium rejects the German ultimatum at 7.00AM. The British government and parliament, previously divided along party lines, finds solidarity in its interests to preserve Belgian neutrality. The British foreign secretary  comments:

“The lamps are going out all over Europe; we shall not see them lit again in our lifetime”

Germany declares war on France as one and a half million German troops move towards Belgium and France. Another half million are moving Eastward…

 

Sources: “Almanac of World War 1”  – “The Guns of August” – “Hansard” (record of the proceedings of the British Parliament).

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1914/aug/03/statement-by-sir-edward-grey

Peace

Migration: The town of Utica, in Oneida County, New York State enjoys “Old Home Week” when former citizens who have gone out into the world are welcomed back, and everyone’s mutual prosperity is celebrated.

https://oneidacountyhistory.wordpress.com/tag/august-1914/

 Globalisation: the Panama Canal is officially opened to commercial traffic. (some sources say August 15th).

http://mightyseas.perso.sfr.fr/marhist/whitehaven/wsbc/lord_shaftesbury.htm

 

11th July 1914 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: in Buenos Aires – Aníbal Carmelo Troilo, Argentine bandoneonist and tango musician.

http://www.phantastango.de/2013/bilder/Phantastango-2013-2-TheBeautifulFive.pdf

Society and culture: Leading anarchist Alexander Berkman addresses a large crowd at a rally of like-minded supporters in Union Square, New York City.

http://www.vintag.es/2014/03/anarchist-demonstration-in-union-square.html

Sport:

~ In Jedburgh, on the English/ Scottish border, at 6.00AM precisely,  the traditional ceremonies for the opening of Jedburgh Border Games are carried out, “as they have been done since their inauguration in 1853”.  

http://www.jedburgh-border-games.com/1900.htm

~George Herman “Babe” Ruth makes his major league baseball debut.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/babe-ruth-makes-mlb-debut

 

26th May 1914 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY:

~ in Jacksonville, Florida – Frankie Manning, swing dancer, “part of a new generation of Lindy Hoppers, and the most celebrated Lindy Hopper in history’ [Wikipedia]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frankie_Manning

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lindy_Hop

~ In Philadelphia, PA – Harry Aaron Finkelman, better known as Ziggy Elman, trumpeter.

http://www.oldies.com/artist-biography/Ziggy-Elman.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ziggy_Elman

Sport: The “Shamrock IV”, a yacht designed and built as an American entry for the 1914 Americas Cup, is launched in Portsmouth, in Southern England. While being towed home to New York during August it be temporarily diverted to British Bermuda after war is declared. The 1914 Americas Cup, and those for the next 5 years, will all be cancelled. The race resumes in 1920.

http://www.inverclyde.gov.uk/community-life-and-leisure/mclean-museum-and-art-gallery/museum-collections/photographs/americas-cup-1914

Shipping News: Just over two years after “Titanic”, the Times of London reports another liner, the Canadian “Royal Edward” (en route from Montreal to Bristol) struck an iceberg in the North Atlantic a few days ago, “going dead slow at the time in a dense fog. The stem was twisted and the liner was leaking in the forepeak, but the damage was not serious.”

http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/murdoch-saves-liner.html

 

 

5th May 1914 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: In Harbin, China – to Russian parents, Eugenia Fomenko. Daughter of a suspected (Russian) US agent; architect in Harbin; dancer in Shanghai (with new name of  Jeanne LeGon); emigrant to the US; successful department store worker in Brooklyn; sportswear executive in Dallas, and briefly in California; suspected communist spy; divorcee; spouse of a Russian nobleman emigre with dubious connections (now Mrs Jeanne de Mohrenschildt); adventurer in Mexico and Central America; supporter of Russian emigres and refugees in Dallas; expatriate with interesting connections in Haiti; witness at the Warren Commission into the assassination of John Kennedy; widow of a man whose exact role (if any)  in the assassination remains unclear to this day. [Spartacus Educational]

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/JFKmohrenschiltJ.htm