15th June 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in Râmnicu Sărat, Romania – Saul Steingerg: philosophy student in Bucharest; architecture student in Milan; emigree from Mussolini’s anti-semitic laws; refugee in the Dominican Republic; sponsored entrant to the US for his satirical cartoons for the “New Yorker”; military intelligence officer in China, North Africa and Italy; US artist and cartoonist; “a writer who draws“. [Wikipedia].


World Affairs: In Sofia, the French Ambassador to Bulgaria reports of the deep unease caused for the Bulgarian public by the Russian Tsar’s visit to Romania, a neighbour so aggressive towards Bulgaria in the recent (Second) Balkan War.


Arts and Literature: In London, the publishing house of Grant Richards publishes James Joyce’s “The Dubliners”. Joyce is currently living in Trieste, Austria-Hungary’s main seaport, on the Adriatic. By the end of the year only 379 copies of “The Dubliners” have been sold.



3rd December 1913 (Wednesday)


~ In Diest, Belgium – Omer  Rudolphe Jean burggraaf Vanoudenhoven, Flemish shoemaker and liberal politician.


~ In Oberhausen, Germany – Helmut Israel Marx, refugee from the Netherlands, in neutral Switzerland in 1942, seeking a visa for Santo Domingo.