1st April 1914 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: On the island of Java, in Indonesia – the city of Malang, “a trade centre of agricultural area in which sugar, rice, coffee, tea, corn, peanuts, cassava, and cinchona bark are grown”. Happy Centenary, Malang!


Society and culture: In the village of Burston, near Diss, in rural Norfolk, England, schoolchildren, supported by their parents, begin what will become (allegedly) the longest strike in history, in protest at the dismissal of their teacher.


Extreme Weather: In Massachusetts, it rains molasses. (well, it is April 1st, after all).



20th March 1914 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Medindie, Adelaide, South Australia – Thomas Currie ‘Diver’ Derrick, posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for bravery against Japanese forces at Sattelburg ridge on the Huon Peninsula, New Guinea in 1943.



Ireland: In Curragh, County Kildare, where the British Army has its main base in Ireland, many army officers threaten to resign their posts rather than obey possible imminent orders from the government in London for them to take action against the rebellious paramilitary Ulster Volunteers (the Curragh “incident” or “mutiny”).


Sport: the Directors of the Arsenal football (soccer) club in London are forced to temporarily close the ground after torrential rain reveals structural problems at the new Highbury ground.


19th March, 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Hamilton County, Florida – Berne Davis, “Fort Myers Arts Matron”. Happy Centenary Ma’am!


World Affairs and global finance: The Anglo-Persian and Royal Dutch Shell oil companies sign an agreement with the Armenian millionaire Calouste Gulbenkian (“Mr five per cent”) who is a major shareholder in the Turkish National Bank (British controlled), in an attempt to secure exclusive oil rights in Mesopotamia (now Iraq).


Death in Venice:  a ferry boat (vaporetto) carrying around 50 passengers collides with a naval ship because the crew are busy watching the new marvels of a seaplane circling overhead. 14 die in the accident.


Food and agriculture: New Zealand farmer and diarist George Adkin spends a busy day with his raddle.


Extreme weather:  Torrential rain hits north London, causing sewers to overflow. Rainwater floods down Highbury Hill pushing mud against the west terrace boundary wall of the Arsenal football club, opened just six months ago. The wall is unable to take the pressure and begins listing in towards the terracing.


3rd March 1914 (Tuesday)


~ in Zaragoza, Spain – Maria Mombiola, Spanish anarchist and member of the Maquis (resistance) against Franco.

~ In India, “”Pandit” Puttaraj Gawai, musician in the classical Hindustani tradition

~ In Brooklyn, New York  – Charlotte Henry, US actress who lost her identity as Alice in Wonderland.

~ In Vejrum, in the northwest corner of Jutland, Denmark – Asger Oluf Jørgensen, political artist, essayist and founding member of the Situationist International.





Extreme weather: In the USA, Philadelphia is buried under 6 to 10 feet of snow.


2nd March 1914 (Monday)

BORN TODAY: in Berlin, Germany – Georgia van der Rohe, dancer, actress and film-maker.


Arms Race: Submarines AE1 and AE2 depart from Portsmouth, England, on their delivery voyage to sydney, Australia, a journey which will take nearly 3 months.

Mar. 2, 1914: Submarine AE1 departs Portsmouth on her delivery voyage - RAN, courtesy Ronnie Bell.


Arts & Literature: An anthology of poems “Les Imagistes” is published, including James Joyce’s “I hear an army charging upon the land”.



Science, technology and agriculture: the movement of all farm animals in and around Cork city is prohibited after the (British) Ministry of Agriculture confirms three outbreaks of foot and mouth disease in County Cork.


Extreme Weather: The Eastern seaboard of the US is in the grip of a major blizzard.


1st March 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Haden, Queensland – Marjorie May (Madge)  Bratby (later Gormley), nine times Australian buckjumping champion and by 1950 the only woman in the Queensland Wild West Stampede Rodeo.


Arms Race: The first ever military flight in Australia takes place at Point Cook in Victoria. Happy Centenary, Point Cook Air Base!


Extreme Weather:  New York records its lowest ever pressure reading (at that time) – down to 961mb, with 16 inches of snow, 84 mile per hour winds and a temperatures as low as -9 celsius.


15th December 1913 (Monday)

LAUNCHED TODAY:  At the John Brown shipyard, in Clydebank, Scotland – the British Royal Navy launches HMS Tiger, its most heavily armoured battlecruiser, costing 2.5 million British pounds. Tiger fought at the Battle of Jutland in 1916. she was decommissioned and sold for scrap in 1932.



Animal Rights: At Kensington Town Hall in London, author John Galsworthy delivers a speech protesting against cruelty to performing animals.


Extreme Weather: The English are busy reflecting on their extremely mild (“unseasonable”) weather. “The heat of the sunshine was hardly less extraordinary for the time of year, and it was possible to sit writing out of doors until the sun had set and it was too dark to see” [The Spectator, 27th December 1913].