25th August 1914 (Tuesday)


~ in Jyväskylä, Finland – Ilmari Vartia, olympic fencer who died of a fencing wound in 1951.


~ In Okawa District, Kagawa, Japan – “The Queen of Boogie-Woogie, Shizuko Kasagi


“Tokyo Boogie-Wookie” 1947 – C’est La Chanson du Siecle!


Eastern Front: Austrian troops take 6000 prisoners in their victory over the Russians at the Battle of  Krasnik (in Galicia, in present day Poland).


Southern (Balkan) Front: The Serbians are mopping up after the complete defeat of the Austro-Hungarians, who have retreated behind their own borders, leaving Serbia bloodied, but not bowed.

Western Front: German troops take Namur, Louvain and Sedan.

A French soldier writes to his mother (in anticipation of an imminent move to the front line):

“…Know that it would be shameful to think for one instant of holding back when the race demands the sacrifice. My only part is to carry an undefiled conscience as my feet may lead”

[Letters of a Soldier, 1914-1915]



9th August 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Helsinki, in the Grand Duchy of Finland in the Russian Empire – Tove Jansson, who brought the Moomins to a war torn world in the late 1940s.



Western Front: The first two corps of the British Expeditionary Force land in Northern France, while further south the Germans retake Mulhouse in Alsace from the French (Battle of Mulhouse).

The Southern Front: Austria-Hungary declares war on Montenegro.

War at Sea: The British cruiser “Birmingham” rams German Uboat 15 sending it (the Uboat) to a watery grave with the loss of all on board.


Sources: Wikipedia:


Burg and Purcell: Almanac of World War 1






14th June 1914 (Sunday)


~ in Korostienie in the Zhitomir region, Ukraine, Imperial Russia – Piotr Kozachenko, graduate of the Odessa Military Air College (1936) who fought with the Chinese forces against the Japanese in 1937 and for the Soviet Union against Finland in the Winter War in 1939-1940. On the first day of the Great Patriotic War against Germany (in 1941) he claimed his first successes against German aircraft, and in 1942 was fighting on the North Caucasus front. After receiving the Golden Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin in May 1943 he began operating over the Crimea area on the 2nd Ukrainian Front. He died during a mission over Danzig, Germany (now Gdansk in Poland) in March 1945, aged 30.


~ in Nagutskaya, in the Caucasus region of  Imperial Russia, Yuri Andropov: orphan; loader; telegraph clerk; sailor on the Volga; young communist; local and then national activist; Soviet Ambassador to Budapest during the Hungarian uprising; Chairman of the KGB; Politburo member; interrogator; invader of Afghanistan; and General Secretaty of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. {Wikipedia].


World Affairs: Russian Tsar Nicholas II, who has been taking a holiday in Russian Crimea, visits the Romanian King, by sea, in Constanta, Romania, along with the Russian foreign Minister, Sazonov. On the agenda is the tenuous balance of power in the Balkan’s in recent years, where  Ottomans, Habsurgs, Russians and Italians have been vying for position.


Extreme Weather: In South West London, England a freak thunderstorm causes death and flooding. Among the dead are three young children sheltering under a lightning struck tree in an area known as “The Frying Pan” on Wandsworth Common.


Arts and Literature: Publisher A.C MClurg of Chicago publishes the first book edition of Edgar Rice Burrough’s “Tarzan of the Apes”


14th March 1914 (Saturday)


~ in London, England – William John Owen Rowbotham, Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire  (“MBE”), better known to British TV viewers of a certain age as “Compo”.

~ In Vyborg on the Karelian Isthmus in Russia – Unto Kalervo Eskola, better known to Finnish cinema goers of a certain age as Olavi Reimas.

~ In St Etienne, France – Lucien Montet, better known to his colleagues in  the Free French wing of the British Royal Air Force as “Christian Martell”.




7th December 1913 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Narva, then in Russia, but later in independent Estonia before the second world war (eventually) brought Estonia into the Soviet Union – Eugenia Moorberg, better known as Kersti Merilaas, disreputable bourgeois nationalist poet and children’s author.


Law and order: During the ongoing Michigan Copper Strike, a boarding house owner, Thomas Dally, and two English brothers at the boarding house in Painesdale, Arthur and Harry Jane, are killed by random rifle shots fired into the house from nearby woods. The Jane brothers have just arrived with the intention of strike breaking/ scabbing. Later, two Finnish immigrant brothers named Huhta, and an Austrian named Verbanac, are charged with first degree murder in connection with the shooting, but Verbanac escapes from custody and is never recaptured.


21st October 1913 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: Professor Max Siurala, distinguished Finnish gastroenterologist.


Society and culture: In the Irish Times, Archbishop Walsh of Dubin condemns a scheme, already underway, for the wives of Dublin’s strikers to send their children to England to be cared for by labour sympathisers:

“I can only put it to [the mothers] that they can be no longer held worthy of the name of Catholic mothers if they so far forget that duty as to send away their children to be cared for in a strange land, without security of any kind that those to whom the poor children are to be handed over are Catholics, or, indeed, are persons of any faith at all”. [The Irish Times, 21st October 1913].

Crime and Punishment: James Berry, professional executioner, dies at his home in Bradford, England. After forsaking his career as an executioner he had become an evangelist preacher, campaigning against capital punishment.



25th September 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: somewhere in Australia – Kenneth Ivo Brownley Langwell Mackenzie, pen name Kenneth Seaforth Mackenzie, Australian poet and novelist. Drowned while swimming in January 1955.


DIED TODAY: in Thomasville, Georgia – Seaborn Anderson Roddenbery, Democratic Congressman.


World Affairs: In Mexico,  soldiers from the Anishinabe Confederation attack and capture the city of Aviles. More than half of the American and Mexican soldiers fighting in the battle are killed or wounded.


Music and entertainment:

~ British stage actor Charles Spencer (“Charlie”) Chaplin, originally from London, (later “Sir” , but right now a 24 year old hopeful)  signs a one year contract with the Keystone film company, on a salary of $150 a week.


~ In Perry Barr, Birmingham, England – the Birchfield Picturedrome opens, with seating for an audience of 930.


Society and culture: The City of Baltimore becomes the first US city to mandate separate blocks (street zones) for white and coloured people.

Shipwrecks: The British cargo ship “Therapia”, carrying pit props from from Finland to Cardiff, runs aground and is wrecked in the Gulf of Bothnia.


12th July 1913 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: In Helsinki, Finland – Reino (“Repe”) Helismaa, singer-songwriter, musician and scriptwriter

World Affairs: The Jianxi province of central China declares its independence from the national chinese government.

Second Balkan War: Turkey becomes the fourth nation to take up arms in response to the Bulgarian attack on Serbia and Greece, marching into Thrace to reclaim lands lost during the First Balkan War.

Women’s Suffrage: Suffragette “Pilgrims” marching from Carlisle to London arrive in Birmingham.

Accidents: In Colchester, UK – 3 die and 16 are injured in a rail accident (collision and derailment).

Royal Lancastrian Progress: On the sixth day of their royal tour, King George V and Queen Mary visit Oldham.

27th March 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY, in West Ham, London – Stanley Reginald Knight, Royal Navy joiner (4th class). Perished with the sinking of HMS Hood, 24th May 1941, aged 28.

First Balkan War: In Sofia, Bulgaria, there are celebrations of the fall of Adrianople (Edirne) including a requiem for the dead and a Te Deum for the victory. King Ferdinand and the Royal Bulgarian princes travel to Adrianople.

Arms Race: Geoffrey de Havilland crashes while testing the B.S.1 (UK) Royal Air Force bi-plane, damaging the aircraft and breaking his jaw.

Accidents: At Irvine in Scotland, miner Robert McGrevey is killed instantly by a fall of coal.

Music and entertainment: In Helsinki, Finland – Jean Sibelius conducts the Philharmonic Society Orchestra for the first ever performance of his Opus 64 “The Bard”.