5th February, 1915 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in New York City – Robert Hofstader, Nobel prize winning nuclear physicist.

http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1961/hofstadter-facts.html

War!

In the Ottoman Empire: the Philadelphia “Saturday Evening Post” publishes a Turkish proclamation announcing and justifying the deportation of Armenians from the Empire.

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Up6V6UFMCqAC&pg=PA641&lpg=PA641&dq=5th+february+1915&source=bl&ots=Um5mFRiG79&sig=TxakTyFs1oZCuc0hypEiGL8RUXU&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6c7MVPWhNYTWarbFgMAL&ved=0CDkQ6AEwBTgo#v=onepage&q=5th%20february%201915&f=false

On the Home Front: in London, Lancelot Dickinson Chapman is exposed in the Daily Mirror newspaper under the headline “Bogus VC Hero” after he spent several months “invent[ing] a persona for himself as a battlefield hero” . Later in the month he is sentenced to 10 months hard labour for his deception. [Great War London, blog].

https://greatwarlondon.wordpress.com/2012/05/20/a-fake-hero/

Advertisements

25th June 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Gelsenkirche, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany – Lorenz Marie Hackenholt, “gas chamber expert”.

http://www.holocaust-history.org/Tregenza/Tregenza02.shtml

World Affairs: Archduke Franz-Ferdinand, heir to the thrones of Austria-Hungary, arrives by train in the town of Ilidza, a suburb of Sarajevo, where he is joined by his wife,  Sophie. He will spend the weekend inspecting military manoeuvres while she visits (catholic) churches, schools, charities etc.

http://h.etf.unsa.ba/vmuzej-atentata/galerija/gallery.htm

Fire: In Massachusetts, the Great Salem fire destroys  1376 buildings, making 20,000 homeless.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Salem_Fire_of_1914

Postcard from Salem

http://digitalcommons.salemstate.edu/fire_photos/10/

Society and Culture:  At Number 8, Second Avenue, in Forest Town, in England’s industrial midlands, Elijah Mottishaw, miner, and his wife Sarah, get a “surprise” visit from George Frederick Ernest Albert Windsor and his wife, Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes, better known as King George V of the United Kingdom and Dominions (and Emperor of India), and his wife, Queen Mary.

http://www.ourmansfieldandarea.org.uk/page/royal_visit_to_a_miners_cottage

 

7th April 1914 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: in Yozgat, Central Anatolia – Ramela Carman, Armenian genocide survivor, clothing factory worker at 11, and emigrant to America in 1960.

http://www.dailytribune.com/general-news/20140403/former-pontiac-woman-99-recalls-her-survival-of-armenian-genocide

Died Today: In Lahore in British India (now in Pakistan) – Ghazi Mohammad Ayub Khan, aka “The Victor of Maiwand” and “The Afghan Prince Charlie”. At various times, the Emir of Afghanistan, the Governor of Herat Province, and the leader of the Afghans in the second Anglo-Afghan War. Remembered today as an Afghan National hero.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammad_Ayub_Khan

Fire: In the district of Uttlesford in Essex, England, a passing traction engine on the London to Newmarket road releases sparks into the westerly wind which trigger a fire in the thatched cottages of the village of Little Chesterford. Before the fire is extinguished it destroys two farms, two public houses and nine homes, leaving forty-three people homeless – around 1 in 5 of the village’s population.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Chesterford

Crime, delinquency and punishment: In Exeter, England a twelve year old boy is found guilty of firing an air-gun in the street, and of threatening another boy with the weapon. The magistrates order the father to whip the boy.

The newspaper comments:   “It seems to be the fashion among a certain section of young men in the city to stand about the streets in gangs, blocking up the pavements, and when requested to make room for more orderly members of Society responding with language more forcible than polite. A general nuisance to others, and but little service to themselves, it is time these young hooligans were brought to book. The other evening I noticed a particularly abusive group take possess of part of the pavement in Fore-street. Several gentlemen accompanied by lady friends were obliged to step on to the road, and one of them, who remonstrated with the young men. was answered with very vile language. The same evening another gang took their stand in Fore-street, opposite the entrance to Market-street. Although they remained on the road they were quite as great a nuisance, and several cyclists were forced to dismount. as the gang refused to budge, and only laughed when one cyclist fell off in trying to avoid collision with one of the gang. Surely it is time the police dealt in a sharp manner with these pests.”  [The Western Times, 7th April 1914].

 

http://www.exetermemories.co.uk/em/_events/1914-this-week.php