6th September 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: In Accra on the Gold Coast (now Ghana) – Jacob Hackenburg Griffiths-Randolph, Ghanaian Commissioner of Income Tax; political exile; Speaker of Parliament of Ghana; and father-in-law of Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo, the contemporary Ghanaian politician and contender for the 2016 Presidential election.



Western Front: German, French and British troops clash on the first day of the Battle of the Marne. In the stuff of legends, and at a crucial stage on this first day, the Parisian authorities send an additional 6000 troops who are de-training in Paris back to the front in Parisian taxis.

[Tuchman – the Guns of August]

West Africa: At the Battle of Nsanakong in Kamerun, German forces successfully expel a British invasion force, pushing it back into Nigeria one week after the original incursion.


Eastern Front: Writing from the small spa resort of Trenčianske Teplice (now in in Western Slovakia) Žiga, a Hungarian or Slovenian soldier writes to his wife:

“I wrote you a letter in the morning, but I don’t know if you’ll get it. I received your postcard, but not a closed letter. After 24 hours of travelling we arrived to Trenčianske Teplice at noon. We’ll have lunch here and then move on. Don’t write until I send you an address. I won’t receive your letters. Staying yours faithful husband,


They just brought 2000 Russians; I have seen a Russian soldier”


11th July 1913 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: At Wenchi on the Gold Coast of Africa – Dr Kofi Abrefa Busia,  Prime Minister of Ghana from 1969 to 1972, who earned a DPhil from Oxford University in 1947 with his thesis: “The position of the chief in the modern political system of Ashanti: a study of the influence of contemporary social changes on Ashanti political institutions.”

World Affairs/ Second Balkan War – the Romanian Army crosses the Danube and invades northern Bulgaria while Bulgarian forces are simultaneously at war on two other fronts with Greece and Serbia. The Bulgarians have gambled that their ally Russia will prevent this Romanian attack.

Meanwhile, further South (as reported later in the international commission report established to examine the causes of the Balkan Wars), Jonnah Hristo Tsigaridis writes to his brother Mitso, that  “we put to fire every Bulgarian village from Seres to the border…”.


Royal Lancastrian Progress: On the fifth day of their royal tour, King George V and Queen Mary visit Merseyside (Liverpool) where their (brief) embarkation on the dock port tender, Galatea, is accompanied by over a hundred vessels that are being presented for royal review.

Royal Ugandan Progress: The King of Uganda visits Murton Colliery in County Durham (in Britain).