14th September 1913 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Quetzaltenango (aka Xelajú or Xela), the second largest city in Guatemala – Colonel Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán, elected President of Guatemala (1951) who promised to “convert Guatemala from a backward country with a predominantly feudal economy into a modern capitalist state…. without the aid of foreign capital”. Ousted by a CIA engineered military coup in 1954. Exiled in Mexico, Switzerland, Paris, Prague, Moscow, Uruguay and Cuba. Finally returned to Mexico where he died in his bathroom  from “drowning or scalding” in 1971. Officially absolved from his alleged wrongdoings by the Guatemalan government in 2011.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacobo_%C3%81rbenz

http://www.matadorjaimebravo.com/JacoboArbenzBiography.htm

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10th September 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY:

~ In  New York City – Abraham Lincoln Gordon, US Ambassador to Brazil from 1961 to 1966.

http://www.nndb.com/people/898/000119541/

~ Also in New York City – the Lincoln Highway, the first transcontinental “improved” (paved) highway for automobiles across the United States of America from Times Square in New York to Lincoln Park in San Francisco.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lincoln_Highway

~ In Cadiz, Kentucky, USA – John Gordon Mein, US Ambassador to Guatemala, 1965-1968, where he was assassinated on 28th august 1968.

http://www.nndb.com/people/870/000118516/

DIED TODAY: On the ocean liner RMS Baltic, approaching Liverpool, England – William Gaynor, the Mayor of New York City since 1910, who has been suffering ill health since being wounded in an assassination attempt in 1910.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_J._Gaynor

28th April 1913 (Monday)

BORN TODAY, in Windhoek, Namibia – Walter Ehle, WW2 Luftwaffe night fighter ace. Died 18 November 1943, aged 30 during a crash landing in Belgium.

Global Finance: In order to repay a $10million bond due to Britain, Guatemala is forced to apply to the US for aid.

Early Flight: the first prototype of the Cody V experimental  biplane breaks up in mid air and crashes, killing the pilot, Lt L.C Rogers Harrison. The second (and only other) prototype is retired, eventually finding its way to the science museum in London.

Migration: Eva Theresa Korhammer, aged 5, from Ofuttak in Austria-Hungary (now Serbia) arrives in New York with her mother and siblings on board SS Bueruia, to join her father who is living in Pennsylvania.

Transport: The city of Aberdeen in Scotland begins an experimental “pay as you enter” fare collection arrangement on its local trams.