7th March 1913 (Friday)

BORN TODAY,  in Robertson County, Texas – Shadrach Meshach Lockridge, the renowned Pastor of the Calvary Baptist Church from 1953 to 1993 and Civil Rights activist.

World Affairs: Wilhelm Von Wied, a minor German Prince chosen by the six great powers to rule the newly independent state of Albania, lands in Durres. Six month later he leaves because he faces a muslim revolt and lacks international support.

Arms Race: Mihsjlo Petrovic, a founder member  (the first military pilot) of the Serbian airforce is killed in action over Skadar in Albania, becoming the second fatality whilst engaged in a military offensive in the history of military aviation..

Science and technology: India passes the white phosphorous matches prohibition act, which includes rights of inspectors to take samples from match factories to ensure compliance.

Women’s suffrage: Olive Wharry and Lilian Lenton are jailed for setting fire to the tea pavilion at Kew Gardens in London.

Accidents and disasters – In Baltimore, USA, over 40 people die when a steamship carrying more than 300 tons of dynamite explodes.

Off Stafness, Iceland, the steam trawler “Admiral togo” out of Hull (UK) is lost with all hands.

In Georgetown, Guyana, the Roman Catholic cathedral is destroyed by fire.

Society & Culture – Colonel  Sir Charles Wyndham Murray becomes the “Gentleman Usher of the Scarlet Rod” in the UK Royal Household, a position first created in 1725 and still in existence in the twenty first century.. 


27th January 1913 (Monday)

BORN TODAY In Amsterdam, Netherlands – Lodewijk Prins, Dutch Chess Player.

Labour Relations: In Berbice, British Guiana (now Guyana), 150 years after a slave revolt against the Dutch started in the same vicinity, indentured laborers at Plantation Rose Hall on the Canje River refuse to obey the orders of their Scottish manager who is interfering with their traditional end of season four day holiday. In the ensuing conflict (“The Rose Hall Disturbances”) police fire on a crowd who are attempting to prevent the arrest of a ringleader. 14 laborers are killed by the gunfire.

Women’s rights: The British cabinet votes to remove the women’s suffrage bill from the order of business in Parliament.

Society and culture: The Imperial German Army Service authorizes the  Flugzeugführerabzeichen (Pilot’s badge) for those who have demonstrated proficiency as pilot or observer.

In London, the Maida Vale Picture Palace opens. In addition to a cinema there is a seven piece orchestra. The cinema seats an audience of 1500, including a balcony for 500. Programmes change twice a week and bookings can be made by telephone.

Law and order: The first sitting of the (British) Legislative Council of the Central Government (of India) after its transfer from Calcutta to Delhi , takes place at the “Old Secretariat” building newly constructed for the purpose.