23rd September 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Battle Creek, Michigan – John Clark Sheehan, organic chemist.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_C._Sheehan

 

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27th May, 1915 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in New York, New York: Herman Wouk – Pulitzer Prize winner.

Happy Centenary, Mr Wouk!

War!

On the (industrial) front:Commercial Motor Magazine”, introducing a review for its readers of the very latest model of Dennis Ambulance,  as delivered to the Wimbledon Fire Brigade, reflects (by way of preamble) on the heavy demand for ambulances to serve on the Western Front:

“There have been hundreds of first-class ambulances sent out to the Front, but there have additionally been many more despatched which were very ill suited for the strenuous work, for which they were intended. This has been a golden opportunity for many people to dispose of second-hand chassis of pleasure-car types of doubtful age and record. The casualties amongst ambulances have been very serious indeed. Then again, there has been a good deal of seeking after publicity by individuals who have been anxious to identify themselves with the sending out of the Zebediah or the Mord-D.11’1y ambulances. We have had very little to say of all this activity, preferring rather not to throw cold water on all this endeavour which, in spite of its shortcomings, has included much well-meant kindness.”

http://archive.commercialmotor.com/article/27th-may-1915/15/the-latest-dennis-ambulance

18th May 1915 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: Among the Onondaga Indians of the Iroquois confederacy – Leon Shenandoah, elected Tadodaho (spiritual leader) in 1968, and – in his spare time – a custodian at Syracuse University.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadodaho

War!

The (French) Home Front: An American writes from her retirement home in the Marne Valley of the hardening of French attitudes after the introduction of chemical weapons and the sinking of the Lusitania: “I have seen grow up among these simple people [her French neighbours] the conviction that the race which planned and launched this great war has lost the very right to live; and that none of the dreams of the world can ever be realized while Prussia exists, even if the war lasts twenty years, and even if, before it is over, the whole world has to take a hand in it”

[Mildred Aldrich: “A Hilltop on the Marne”]

Gallipoli: Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges, aged 54 and originally from Renfrewshire in Scotland, but more recently the first Australian to reach the rank of Major General, dies of his wounds inflicted by a Turkish sniper three days ago. A veteran of the Boer War, Bridges becomes “one of only two Australians killed in action in the Great War to be interred in Australia” [Wikipedia].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Bridges_%28general%29

The (Australian) Home Front – In Melbourne, Australia – Sister Edith Wilson Yeaman of the Australian Auxiliary Nursing Service embarks on the SS Mooltan, heading for service at the No 3 Australian General Hospital. She will serve for 4 years in Egypt, France and England before returning home to Australia in May 1919.

http://nurses.ww1anzac.com/y.html

1st May 1915 (Saturday)

BORN TODAY: In England, Laura Maud Dillon: President of the Oxford University Women’s Boat Club, graduate of St Anne’s (women’s) College, Oxford; later Laurence Michael Dillon, a Medical student at Trinity College Dublin, and officially a graduate of Brasenose (men’s) College, Oxford, after a difficult gender journey including a double masectomy and the world’s first transgender phalloplasty. (In 1946) the author of Self: A Study in Endocrinology and Ethics; and later still a Buddhist monk in Ladakh in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, after a scandal caused by Debretts Peerage and Burke’s Peerage listing him inconsistently in gender terms. [Wikipedia]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Dillon

Society and Culture: the RMS [Royal Mail Steamship] Lusitania, nicknamed the “Greyhound of the Seas”, leaves New York bound for for Liverpool, carrying  1,266 passengers and 696 crew, a total of nearly 2000 souls.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RMS_Lusitania

War!

The (Italian) Home Front – Sidney Costantino Sonnino, the Italian Minister for Foreign Affairs, calls on the Italian cabinet to repudiate the Triple Alliance (with Germany and Austria-Hungary) so that Italy can negotiate an agreement (secretly, already agreed) with the Triple Entente (France, Russia and Britain). [ Mark Thompson: “The White War: Life and Death on the Italian Front, 1915-1919”].

31st March 1915 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in Central Japan, Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi, the “last Japanese straggler” (soldier) on the jungle island of Guam. In 1944 his regiment was “practically annihilated” by US forces, and in 1955 he was announced officially dead by the Japanese government. He was found alive in January 1972.

“Yokoi’s capture made national headlines and captivated people on Guam and around the world. The army sergeant had survived almost three decades in the hills of the Talofofo River basin until two Chamorro hunters from Talofofo, Manuel D. Garcia, age 36, and Jesus Duenas, age 43, were checking their fish traps around 6:30 p.m. that evening. The hunters noticed a man by the river who, according to their report to the police, they assumed was an individual from their village known for roaming this area. They surprised Yokoi, who charged at them after dropping a homemade net sack containing shrimp traps. Yokoi, already 57 years old at the time, still feared his life was in danger and panicked. According to his nephew Omi Hatashin, Yokoi reached for one of the hunter’s rifles, but in his weakened state, he was no match for the two men. The hunters then subdued Yokoi, and brought him out of the jungle tied and slightly bruised. As he was led through the jungle, the soldier asked to be killed then and there. Treating the straggler with kindness instead, they fed him before they brought him to the commissioner’s (mayor’s) office.” [www.guampedia.com/]

http://www.guampedia.com/wwii-sgt-shoichi-yokoi-last-straggler-on-guam/

War!

Your country needs you! (even more):  The British Government announces that it has lifted its ban on the military recruiting men with bad teeth.

http://www.ww1worcestershire.co.uk/key-dates/1915/03/bad-teeth-recruiting-ban-removed/

Stiff upper lip: Bruce Bairnsfather’s first published satirical cartoon from the trenches appears in the “Bystander” magazine.

http://www.illustratedfirstworldwar.com/bruce-bairnsfather-1887-1959/