16th June 1914 (Tuesday)

BORN TODAY: in Berwick-upon Tweed, near the English/Scottish border – Austen Young, ear, nose and throat specialist, Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, and “inveterate golfer”.


World Affairs: In Mandalay, Burma – Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Indian Nationalist (“The Father of Indian Unrest”) is released from prison after serving a six year sentence, including transportation from his home state of Maharashtra, imposed by the British authorities for sedition.



Society and Culture: “Teddy” Roosevelt, big game hunter, explorer and ex-US President, visits the Natural History Museum in London, England.


Music and entertainment: Thirteen year old Louis Daniel Armstrong is released from Reform School after serving a sentence of nearly 18 months for a fire-arms offence on New Year’s Eve, 1912. While in Reform School he has learned to play cornet and bugle in the school band.




12th February, 1914 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Fort Worth, Texas – Gordon Lee (“Tex”) Beneke, saxophonist with the Glenn Miller Orchestra


Women’s suffrage: In Northfield, Birmingham, England, the local lending library burns to the ground during the night. A paper is found on the railings to the rear of the library proclaiming, Give Women the Vote together with a brown paper parcel containing a book by Christabel Pankhurst on which is written, “to start your new library”.


10th December 1913 (Wednesday)

BORN TODAY: in London, the youngest child of Charles Rothschild – Kathleen Annie Pannonica de Koenigswarter, “jazz patroness and writer, leading patron of bebop, and scion of the prominent Rothschild international financial dynasty” [Wikipedia].


Food and agriculture: in New Zealand, farmer and diarist George Adkin is celebrating the best price he has ever received for the sale of his lambs – at 15 shillings a head.



~ in the north of England, George Ball, a worker at a tarpaulin factory, beats his employer/ manager, Christina Bradfield to death with a blunt instrument, sews her into a sack and throws her in the local canal, where her body is later found when the sack fouls the canal gates. (Ball is hung for his crime in February 1914).


~ in Florence, an Italian called “Leonardo Vincenzo” (real name Vincenzo Peruggia) visits the offices of an art dealer to demand half a million lire for the return of the “Mona Lisa” painting, which was stolen in Paris 1911. The following day Mr Peruggia is arrested and the painting is finally recovered in a suitcase with a false bottom. He claims his main motive is to return the painting to Italy after Napoleon had stolen it for the French.