4th October 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Curitiba, in the State of Paraná in Brazil – Moysés Goldstein Paciornik, physician, obstretrician and founder and director of the Paranaense Center for Medical Research, which was dedicated to the prevention of cancer and provider of gynecological services to Indian reservations in southern Brazil. Advocate of squatting births and founder of the Chair of Prenatal care at the Federal University of Paraná. [Wikipedia].



In Germany: Ninety-three German intellectuals publish a manifesto protesting “to the civilized world against the lies and calumnies with which our enemies are endeavoring to stain the honor of Germany in her hard struggle for existence — in a struggle that has been forced on her.”



In a remote corner of the world: On the tiny island British colony of Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean (then administered by Mauritius, but now operating as a US airfield and communications link for the American military under an ongoing agreement between the UK and the US), the German cruiser SS Emden, which has been raiding commerical shipping, arrives for cleaning and coaling. The local British subjects are that unaware that Britain and Germany have been at war for two months. [Burg and Purcell – “Almanac of World War 1”].

15th June 1913 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: In Bedford, England – Sir (Ernest Urban) Trevor Huddleston, Anglican Archbishop of Mauritius and the Indian Ocean (1978-1983) and anti-apartheid campaigner. “No white person has done more for South Africa than Trevor Huddleston” [Nelson Mandela].

World Affairs: US and Philippine forces at the Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippines finally defeat the Moro insurgents they have been at war with for over a decade.

Science, technology and transport: Austria Hungary’s Royal Imperial Postal Service introduces 29 electic powered Daimler-Tudor vehicles as part of its modern delivery fleet.

Shipping news: Originally out of Amlwch in North Wales, the three-masted schooner Greyhound, transporting guano in the Mauritius islands, strikes a reef at Raphael Island while carrying 206 tons of guano from Albatross Island. All eighteen people on board manage to reach safety, for once disproving the old mariners’ superstition that associating with an albatross can land you deep in it.