4th October 1914 (Sunday)

BORN TODAY: in Curitiba, in the State of Paraná in Brazil – Moysés Goldstein Paciornik, physician, obstretrician and founder and director of the Paranaense Center for Medical Research, which was dedicated to the prevention of cancer and provider of gynecological services to Indian reservations in southern Brazil. Advocate of squatting births and founder of the Chair of Prenatal care at the Federal University of Paraná. [Wikipedia].



In Germany: Ninety-three German intellectuals publish a manifesto protesting “to the civilized world against the lies and calumnies with which our enemies are endeavoring to stain the honor of Germany in her hard struggle for existence — in a struggle that has been forced on her.”



In a remote corner of the world: On the tiny island British colony of Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean (then administered by Mauritius, but now operating as a US airfield and communications link for the American military under an ongoing agreement between the UK and the US), the German cruiser SS Emden, which has been raiding commerical shipping, arrives for cleaning and coaling. The local British subjects are that unaware that Britain and Germany have been at war for two months. [Burg and Purcell – “Almanac of World War 1”].

27th March 1914 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: In Litherland, Lancashire – Squadron Leader William Hubert Rigby ‘Nits’ Whitty DFC (Distinguished Flying Cross).


~Also, in Siam (Thailand) – The Siam Army Air Corps, later to be renamed the Royal Thai Air Force.


Science and technology: In Belgium, Doctor Albert Hustin conducts the first successful non-direct blood transfusion, using a combination of (not so new) anti-coagulant technology (sodium citrate ) and refrigeration.


27th February 1914 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: in Copenhagen, Denmark – Dyre Trolle, Qualified Medical Doctor in 1939, specialist in gynaecology in 1950, and Professor in gynaecology and obstetrics at the University of Copenhagen from 1962.


Arms Race: In the”London Gazette”, the official British journal of aristocratic and military affairs: “His Majesty the King [George V] has been graciously pleased to approve the formation of a cyclist battalion by the Territorial Force Association for the County of Huntingdon. to be designated ‘The Huntingdonshire Cyclist Battalion’. “


Journalism: In Exeter, in England’s West Country, the Western Times reports a domestic “near-miss” incident:  “Yesterday, Exeter Brigade were summoned to a house in the Mint, where some clothes had been put in front the fire and caught alight, but the flames were extinguished with a couple of buckets of water, and the assistance of the firemen was not needed.” (Phew!).


Exploration: in the city of Caceres, on the Banks of the RIo Paraguay in Brazil, an expedition which includes the ex US President Theodore Roosevelt begins a mysterious investigation into the Rio da Duvida (River of Doubt), “a mysterious river hidden in the tropical forest of which no one knew the exact location of its sources and also its mouths”.


24th February 1914 (Tuesday)


~ in London, England – David Langdon, cartoonist.


~ In Tasmania – the Tasmanian Band Association, forerunner of the Tasmanian (brass and pipe) Bands League.


~ In Sydney  – Douglas Neil Gillies, Australian Medic, Japanese Prisoner of War,  and later a Medic again – this time in Borneo.


Ireland: Edward Carlson, leader of the Ulster Unionists in Ireland, who are resisting steps by the UK Government to grant Home Rule to Ireland, issues a poster seeking to reassure Catholic communities about the objectives of the Ulster Volunteer Force”

“I desire that it should be made plain on all occasions that the sole object of the ULSTER VOLUNTEER FORCE is to make it impossible for the Government to compel us to submit to a Home Rule Parliament in Dublin. Our quarrel is with the Government alone, and we desire that the RELIGIOUS and POLITICAL views of our opponents should be everywhere respected. We fight for equal justice for all under the Government of the United Kingdom.”


Christmas Day, 1913 (Thursday)

BORN TODAY: in Wuppertal, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany  – Oberstabarzt (Military Doctor) Ernst Gadermann, German World War 2 doctor, recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross, veteran  Luftwaffe gunner and post war cardiologist, chief of the 1972 summer olympics sports medicine faculty.


Christmas entertainment: In Baroona, Queensland, Australia – and no doubt in many other homes around the world – a piano provides the centrepiece for a family Christmas.


The call of duty: In Gervais, Oregon, Marshall John Zoller of the Gervais PD succumbs to gun-shot wounds sustained two weeks ago while confronting two burglars. He leaves behind a widow and 12 children.


21st November 1913 (Friday)

BORN TODAY: In Bray, England – the Boulting Brothers – John Edward and Roy Alfred Clarence, English film-makers and identical twins. Their classics included Brighton Rock; Private’s Progress; I’m Alright Jack (John) and  Carlton-Browne of F.O.; The Family Way;  and There’s a Girl in My Soup (Roy). Their elder brother, Sydney, was the original director of the “Mousetrap”, still running in London after 51 years.


Society and culture: At Northenden school in Manchester, England, the school log for the day reflects the local community’s health concerns:

“The attendance this week has been very low indeed.  Many parents refuse to send their children so long as there is any danger of contracting Scarlet Fever.”


30th October 1913 (Thursday)


~ In Berlin, Germany – Hans Berndt, International Footballer

~ In Stockton-On-Tees, England – Michael “Micky” Fenton, International Footballer

~ In Ellendale, North Dakota, USA – Bob Pylman, American Footballer.




Arms Race: On the River Medway in Kent, England, the British Royal Navy Launches its latest submarine – HMS E8.


Society and culture: Ernest Jones establishes the London Psychoanalytical Society, which will be renamed the British Psychoanalytical Society in 1919.